In Joseph's Tomb
AT last Jesus was at rest. The long day of
shame and torture was ended. As the last rays of the setting sun ushered in the Sabbath,
the Son of God lay in quietude in Joseph's tomb. His work completed, His hands folded in
peace, He rested through the sacred hours of the Sabbath day.
In the beginning the Father
and the Son had rested upon the Sabbath after Their work of creation. When "the
heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them" (Gen. 2:1), the
Creator and all heavenly beings rejoiced in contemplation of the glorious scene. "The
morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy." Job 38:7. Now
Jesus rested from the work of redemption; and though there was grief among those who loved
Him on earth, yet there was joy in heaven. Glorious to the eyes of heavenly beings was the
promise of the future. A restored creation, a redeemed race, that having conquered sin
could never fall,--this, the result to flow from Christ's completed work, God and angels
saw. With this scene the day upon which Jesus rested is forever linked. For "His work
is perfect;" and "whatsoever God doeth, it shall be forever." Deut. 32:4;
Eccl. 3:14. When there shall be a "restitution of all things, which God hath spoken
by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began" (Acts 3:21), the
creation Sabbath, the day on which Jesus lay at rest in Joseph's tomb, will still be a day
of rest and rejoicing. Heaven and earth will unite in praise, as "from one Sabbath to
another" (Isa. 66:23) the nations of the saved shall bow in joyful worship to God and
In the closing events of the
crucifixion day, fresh evidence was given of the fulfillment of prophecy, and new witness
borne to Christ's divinity. When the darkness had lifted from the cross, and the Saviour's
dying cry had been uttered, immediately another voice was heard, saying, "Truly this
was the Son of God." Matt. 27:54.
These words were said in no
whispered tones. All eyes were turned to see whence they came. Who had spoken? It was the
centurion, the Roman soldier. The divine patience of the Saviour, and His sudden death,
with the cry of victory upon His lips, had impressed this heathen. In the bruised, broken
body hanging upon the cross, the centurion recognized the form of the Son of God. He could
not refrain from confessing his faith. Thus again evidence was given that our Redeemer was
to see of the travail of His soul. Upon the very day of His death, three men, differing
widely from one another, had declared their faith,--he who commanded the Roman guard, he
who bore the cross of the Saviour, and he who died upon the cross at His side.
As evening drew on, an
unearthly stillness hung over Calvary. The crowd dispersed, and many returned to Jerusalem
greatly changed in spirit from what they had been in the morning. Many had flocked to the
crucifixion from curiosity, and not from hatred toward Christ. Still they believed the
accusations of the priests, and looked upon Christ as a malefactor. Under an unnatural
excitement they had united with the mob in railing against Him. But when the earth was
wrapped in blackness, and they stood accused by their own consciences, they felt guilty of
a great wrong. No jest or mocking laughter was heard in the midst of that fearful gloom;
and when it was lifted, they made their way to their homes in solemn silence. They were
convinced that the charges of the priests were false, that Jesus was no pretender; and a
few weeks later, when Peter preached upon the day of Pentecost, they were among the
thousands who became converts to Christ.
But the Jewish leaders were
unchanged by the events they had witnessed. Their hatred of Jesus had not abated. The
darkness that had mantled the earth at the crucifixion was not more dense than that which
still enveloped the minds of the priests and rulers. At His birth the star had known
Christ, and had guided the wise men to the manger where He lay. The heavenly hosts had
known Him, and had sung His praise over the plains of Bethlehem. The sea had known His
voice, and had obeyed His command. Disease and death had recognized His authority, and had
yielded to Him their prey. The sun had known Him, and at the sight of His dying anguish,
had hidden its face of light. The rocks had known Him, and had shivered into fragments at
His cry. Inanimate nature had known Christ, and had borne witness to His divinity. But the
priests and rulers of Israel knew not the Son of God.
Yet the priests and rulers
were not at rest. They had carried out their purpose in putting Christ to death; but they
did not feel the sense of victory they had expected. Even in the hour of their apparent
triumph, they were harassed with doubts as to what would next take place. They had heard
the cry, "It is finished." "Father, into Thy hands I commend My
spirit." John 19:30; Luke 23:46. They had seen the rocks rent, and had felt the
mighty earthquake, and they were restless and uneasy.
They had been jealous of
Christ's influence with the people when living; they were jealous of Him even in death.
They dreaded the dead Christ more, far more, than they had ever feared the living Christ.
They dreaded to have the attention of the people directed any further to the events
attending His crucifixion. They feared the results of that day's work. Not on any account
would they have had His body remain on the cross during the Sabbath. The Sabbath was now
drawing on, and it would be a violation of its sanctity for the bodies to hang upon the
cross. So, using this as a pretext, the leading Jews requested Pilate that the death of
the victims might be hastened, and their bodies be removed before the setting of the sun.
Pilate was as unwilling as
they for the body of Jesus to remain upon the cross. His consent having been obtained, the
legs of the two thieves were broken to hasten their death; but Jesus was found to be
already dead. The rude soldiers had been softened by what they had heard and seen of
Christ, and they were restrained from breaking His limbs. Thus in the offering of the Lamb
of God was fulfilled the law of the Passover, "They shall leave none of it unto the
morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the Passover they
shall keep it." Num. 9:12
The priests and rulers were
amazed to find that Christ was dead. Death by the cross was a lingering process; it was
difficult to determine when life had ceased. It was an unheard-of thing for one to die
within six hours of crucifixion. The priests wished to make sure of the death of Jesus,
and at their suggestion a soldier thrust a spear into the Saviour's side. From the wound
thus made, there flowed two copious and distinct streams, one of blood, the other of
water. This was noted by all the beholders, and John states the occurrence very
definitely. He says, "One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and
forthwith came there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record
is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were
done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of Him shall not be broken. And again
another scripture saith, They shall look on Him whom they pierced." John 19:34-37.
After the resurrection the
priests and rulers circulated the report that Christ did not die upon the cross, that He
merely fainted, and was afterward revived. Another report affirmed that it was not a real
body of flesh and bone, but the likeness of a body, that was laid in the tomb. The action
of the Roman soldiers disproves these falsehoods. They broke not His legs, because He was
already dead. To satisfy the priests, they pierced His side. Had not life been already
extinct, this wound would have caused instant death.
But it was not the spear
thrust, it was not the pain of the cross, that caused the death of Jesus. That cry,
uttered "with a loud voice" (Matt. 27:50; Luke 23:46), at the moment of death,
the stream of blood and water that flowed from His side, declared that He died of a broken
heart. His heart was broken by mental anguish. He was slain by the sin of the world.
With the death of Christ the
hopes of His disciples perished. They looked upon His closed eyelids and drooping head,
His hair matted with blood, His pierced hands and feet, and their anguish was
indescribable. Until the last they had not believed that He would die; they could hardly
believe that He was really dead. Overwhelmed with sorrow, they did not recall His words
foretelling this very scene. Nothing that He had said now gave them comfort. They saw only
the cross and its bleeding Victim. The future seemed dark with despair. Their faith in
Jesus had perished; but never had they loved their Lord as now. Never before had they so
felt His worth, and their need of His presence.
Even in death, Christ's body
was very precious to His disciples. They longed to give Him an honored burial, but knew
not how to accomplish this. Treason against the Roman government was the crime for which
Jesus was condemned, and persons put to death for this offense were consigned to a burial
ground especially provided for such criminals. The disciple John with the women from
Galilee had remained at the cross. They could not leave the body of their Lord to be
handled by the unfeeling soldiers, and buried in a dishonored grave. Yet they could not
prevent it. They could obtain no favors from the Jewish authorities, and they had no
influence with Pilate.
In this emergency, Joseph of
Arimathaea and Nicodemus came to the help of the disciples. Both these men were members of
the Sanhedrin, and were acquainted with Pilate. Both were men of wealth and influence.
They were determined that the body of Jesus should have an honorable burial.
Joseph went boldly to Pilate,
and begged from him the body of Jesus. For the first time, Pilate learned that Jesus was
really dead. Conflicting reports had reached him in regard to the events attending the
crucifixion, but the knowledge of Christ's death had been purposely kept from him. Pilate
had been warned by the priests and rulers against deception by Christ's disciples in
regard to His body. Upon hearing Joseph's request, he therefore sent for the centurion who
had charge at the cross, and learned for a certainty of the death of Jesus. He also drew
from him an account of the scenes of Calvary, confirming the testimony of Joseph.
The request of Joseph was
granted. While John was troubled about the burial of his Master, Joseph returned with
Pilate's order for the body of Christ; and Nicodemus came bringing a costly mixture of
myrrh and aloes, of about a hundred pounds' weight, for His embalming. The most honored in
all Jerusalem could not have been shown more respect in death. The disciples were
astonished to see these wealthy rulers as much interested as they themselves in the burial
of their Lord.
Neither Joseph nor Nicodemus
had openly accepted the Saviour while He was living. They knew that such a step would
exclude them from the Sanhedrin, and they hoped to protect Him by their influence in its
councils. For a time they had seemed to succeed; but the wily priests, seeing their favor
to Christ, had thwarted their plans. In their absence Jesus had been condemned and
delivered to be crucified. Now that He was dead, they no longer concealed their attachment
to Him. While the disciples feared to show themselves openly as His followers, Joseph
and Nicodemus came boldly to their aid. The help of these rich and honored men was greatly
needed at this time. They could do for their dead Master what it was impossible for the
poor disciples to do; and their wealth and influence protected them, in a great measure,
from the malice of the priests and rulers.
Gently and reverently they
removed with their own hands the body of Jesus from the cross. Their tears of sympathy
fell fast as they looked upon His bruised and lacerated form. Joseph owned a new tomb,
hewn in a rock. This he was reserving for himself; but it was near Calvary, and he now
prepared it for Jesus. The body, together with the spices brought by Nicodemus, was
carefully wrapped in a linen sheet, and the Redeemer was borne to the tomb. There the
three disciples straightened the mangled limbs, and folded the bruised hands upon the
pulseless breast. The Galilean women came to see that all had been done that could be done
for the lifeless form of their beloved Teacher. Then they saw the heavy stone rolled
against the entrance of the tomb, and the Saviour was left at rest. The women were last at
the cross, and last at the tomb of Christ. While the evening shades were gathering, Mary
Magdalene and the other Marys lingered about the resting place of their Lord, shedding
tears of sorrow over the fate of Him whom they loved. "And they returned, . . . and
rested the Sabbath day according to the commandment." Luke 23:56.
That was a
never-to-be-forgotten Sabbath to the sorrowing disciples, and also to the priests, rulers,
scribes, and people. At the setting of the sun on the evening of the preparation day the
trumpets sounded, signifying that the Sabbath had begun. The Passover was observed as it
had been for centuries, while He to whom it pointed had been slain by wicked hands, and
lay in Joseph's tomb. On the Sabbath the courts of the temple were filled with worshipers.
The high priest from Golgotha was there, splendidly robed in his sacerdotal garments.
White-turbaned priests, full of activity, performed their duties. But some present were
not at rest as the blood of bulls and goats was offered for sin. They were not conscious
that type had met antitype, that an infinite sacrifice had been made for the sins of the
world. They knew not that there was no further value in the performance of the ritual
service. But never before had that service been witnessed with such conflicting feelings.
The trumpets and musical instruments and the voices of the singers were as loud and clear
as usual. But a sense of strangeness pervaded everything. One after another inquired about
a strange event that had taken place. Hitherto the most holy place had been sacredly
guarded from intrusion. But now it was open to all eyes. The heavy veil of tapestry, made
of pure linen, and beautifully wrought with gold, scarlet, and purple, was rent from top
to bottom. The place where Jehovah had met with the high priest, to communicate His glory,
the place that had been God's sacred audience chamber, lay open to every eye,--a place no
longer recognized by the Lord. With gloomy presentiments the priests ministered before the
altar. The uncovering of the sacred mystery of the most holy place filled them with dread
of coming calamity.
Many minds were busy with
thoughts started by the scenes of Calvary. From the crucifixion to the resurrection many
sleepless eyes were constantly searching the prophecies, some to learn the full meaning of
the feast they were then celebrating, some to find evidence that Jesus was not what He
claimed to be; and others with sorrowful hearts were searching for proofs that He was the
true Messiah. Though searching with different objects in view, all were convicted of the
same truth,--that prophecy had been fulfilled in the events of the past few days, and that
the Crucified One was the world's Redeemer. Many who at that time united in the service
never again took part in the paschal rites. Many even of the priests were convicted of the
true character of Jesus. Their searching of the prophecies had not been in vain, and after
His resurrection they acknowledged Him as the Son of God.
Nicodemus, when he saw Jesus
lifted up on the cross, remembered His words spoken by night in the Mount of Olives:
"As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be
lifted up: that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have eternal life."
John 3:14, 15. On that Sabbath, when Christ lay in the grave, Nicodemus had opportunity
for reflection. A clearer light now illuminated his mind, and the words which Jesus had
spoken to him were no longer mysterious. He felt that he had lost much by not connecting
himself with the Saviour during His life. Now he recalled the events of Calvary. The
prayer of Christ for His murderers and His answer to the petition of the dying thief spoke
to the heart of the learned councilor. Again he looked upon the Saviour in His agony;
again he heard that last cry, "It is finished," spoken like the words of a
conqueror. Again he beheld the reeling earth, the darkened heavens, the rent veil, the
shivered rocks, and his faith was forever established. The very event that destroyed the
hopes of the disciples convinced Joseph and Nicodemus of the divinity of Jesus. Their
fears were overcome by the courage of a firm and unwavering faith.
Never had Christ attracted
the attention of the multitude as now that He was laid in the tomb. According to their
practice, the people brought their sick and suffering ones to the temple courts,
inquiring, Who can tell us of Jesus of Nazareth? Many had come from far to find Him who
had healed the sick and raised the dead. On every side was heard the cry, We want Christ
the Healer! Upon this occasion those who were thought to show indications of the leprosy
were examined by the priests. Many were forced to hear their husbands, wives, or children
pronounced leprous, and doomed to go forth from the shelter of their homes and the care of
their friends, to warn off the stranger with the mournful cry, "Unclean,
unclean!" The friendly hands of Jesus of Nazareth, that never refused to touch with
healing the loathsome leper, were folded on His breast. The lips that had answered his
petition with the comforting words, "I will; be thou clean" (Matt. 8:3), were
now silent. Many appealed to the chief priests and rulers for sympathy and relief, but in
vain. Apparently they were determined to have the living Christ among them again. With
persistent earnestness they asked for Him. They would not be turned away. But they were
driven from the temple courts, and soldiers were stationed at the gates to keep back the
multitude that came with their sick and dying, demanding entrance.
The sufferers who had come to
be healed by the Saviour sank under their disappointment. The streets were filled with
mourning. The sick were dying for want of the healing touch of Jesus. Physicians were
consulted in vain; there was no skill like that of Him who lay in Joseph's tomb.
The mourning cries of the
suffering ones brought home to thousands of minds the conviction that a great light had
gone out of the world. Without Christ, the earth was blackness and darkness. Many whose
voices had swelled the cry of "Crucify Him, crucify Him," now realized the
calamity that had fallen upon them, and would as eagerly have cried, Give us Jesus! had He
still been alive.
When the people learned that
Jesus had been put to death by the priests, inquiries were made regarding His death. The
particulars of His trial were kept as private as possible; but during the time when He was
in the grave, His name was on thousands of lips, and reports of His mock trial, and of the
inhumanity of the priests and rulers, were circulated everywhere. By men of intellect
these priests and rulers were called upon to explain the prophecies of the Old Testament
concerning the Messiah, and while trying to frame some falsehood in reply, they became
like men insane. The prophecies that pointed to Christ's sufferings and death they could
not explain, and many inquirers were convinced that the Scriptures had been fulfilled.
The revenge which the priests
had thought would be so sweet was already bitterness to them. They knew that they were
meeting the severe censure of the people; they knew that the very ones whom they had
influenced against Jesus were now horrified by their own shameful work. These priests had
tried to believe Jesus a deceiver; but it was in vain. Some of them had stood by the grave
of Lazarus, and had seen the dead brought back to life. They trembled for fear that Christ
would Himself rise from the dead, and again appear before them. They had heard Him declare
that He had power to lay down His life and to take it again. They remembered that He had
said, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." John 2:19.
Judas had told them the words spoken by Jesus to the disciples while on the last journey
to Jerusalem: "Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed
unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn Him to death, and
shall deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify Him: and the
third day He shall rise again." Matt. 20:18, 19. When they heard these words, they
had mocked and ridiculed. But now they remembered that Christ's predictions had so far
been fulfilled. He had said that He would rise again the third day, and who could say that
this also would not come to pass? They longed to shut out these thoughts, but they could
not. Like their father, the devil, they believed and trembled.
Now that the frenzy of
excitement was past, the image of Christ would intrude upon their minds. They beheld Him
as He stood serene and uncomplaining before His enemies, suffering without a murmur their
taunts and abuse. All the events of His trial and crucifixion came back to them with an
overpowering conviction that He was the Son of God. They felt that He might at any time
stand before them, the accused to become the accuser, the condemned to condemn, the slain
to demand justice in the death of His murderers.
They could rest little upon
the Sabbath. Though they would not step over a Gentile's threshold for fear of defilement,
yet they held a council concerning the body of Christ. Death and the grave must hold Him
whom they had crucified. "The chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days
I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulcher be made sure until the third day,
lest His disciples come by night, and steal Him away, and say unto the people, He is risen
from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. Pilate said unto them, Ye
have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can." Matt. 27:62-65.
The priests gave directions
for securing the sepulcher. A great stone had been placed before the opening. Across this
stone they placed cords, securing the ends to the solid rock, and sealing them with the
Roman seal. The stone could not be moved without breaking the seal. A guard of one hundred
soldiers was then stationed around the sepulcher to prevent it from being tampered with.
The priests did all they could to keep Christ's body where it had been laid. He was sealed
as securely in His tomb as if He were to remain there through all time.
So weak men counseled and
planned. Little did these murderers realize the uselessness of their efforts. But by their
action God was glorified. The very efforts made to prevent Christ's resurrection are the
most convincing arguments in its proof. The greater the number of soldiers placed around
the tomb, the stronger would be the testimony that He had risen. Hundreds of years before
the death of Christ, the Holy Spirit had declared through the psalmist, "Why do the
heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves,
and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against His anointed. . . . He
that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision." Ps.
2:1-4. Roman guards and Roman arms were powerless to confine the Lord of life within the
tomb. The hour of His release was near.