"AND when they were come to the place, which
is called Calvary, there they crucified Him."
"That He might sanctify
the people with His own blood," Christ "suffered without the gate." Heb.
13:12. For transgression of the law of God, Adam and Eve were banished from Eden. Christ,
our substitute, was to suffer without the boundaries of Jerusalem. He died outside the
gate, where felons and murderers were executed. Full of significance are the words,
"Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us."
A vast multitude followed
Jesus from the judgment hall to Calvary. The news of His condemnation had spread
throughout Jerusalem, and people of all classes and all ranks flocked toward the place of
crucifixion. The priests and rulers had been bound by a promise not to molest Christ's
followers if He Himself were delivered to them, and the disciples and believers from the
city and the surrounding region joined the throng that followed the Saviour.
As Jesus passed the gate of
Pilate's court, the cross which had been prepared for Barabbas was laid upon His bruised
and bleeding shoulders. Two companions of Barabbas were to suffer death at the same time
with Jesus, and upon them also crosses were placed. The Saviour's burden
was too heavy for
Him in His weak and suffering condition. Since the Passover supper with His disciples, He
had taken neither food nor drink. He had agonized in the garden of Gethsemane in conflict
with satanic agencies. He had endured the anguish of the betrayal, and had seen His
disciples forsake Him and flee. He had been taken to Annas, then to Caiaphas, and then to
Pilate. From Pilate He had been sent to Herod, then sent again to Pilate. From insult to
renewed insult, from mockery to mockery, twice tortured by the scourge,--all that night
there had been scene after scene of a character to try the soul of man to the uttermost.
Christ had not failed. He had spoken no word but that tended to glorify God. All through
the disgraceful farce of a trial He had borne Himself with firmness and dignity. But when
after the second scourging the cross was laid upon Him, human nature could bear no more.
He fell fainting beneath the burden.
The crowd that followed the
Saviour saw His weak and staggering steps, but they manifested no compassion. They taunted
and reviled Him because He could not carry the heavy cross. Again the burden was laid upon
Him, and again He fell fainting to the ground. His persecutors saw that it was impossible
for Him to carry His burden farther. They were puzzled to find anyone who would bear the
humiliating load. The Jews themselves could not do this, because the defilement would
prevent them from keeping the Passover. None even of the mob that followed Him would stoop
to bear the cross.
At this time a stranger,
Simon a Cyrenian, coming in from the country, meets the throng. He hears the taunts and
ribaldry of the crowd; he hears the words contemptuously repeated, Make way for the King
of the Jews! He stops in astonishment at the scene; and as he expresses his compassion,
they seize him and place the cross upon his shoulders.
Simon had heard of Jesus. His
sons were believers in the Saviour, but he himself was not a disciple. The bearing of the
cross to Calvary was a blessing to Simon, and he was ever after grateful for this
providence. It led him to take upon himself the cross of Christ from choice, and ever
cheerfully stand beneath its burden.
Not a few women are in the
crowd that follow the Uncondemned to His cruel death. Their attention is fixed upon Jesus.
Some of them have seen Him before. Some have carried to Him their sick and suffering ones.
Some have themselves been healed. The story of the scenes that have taken place is
related. They wonder at the hatred of the crowd toward Him for whom their own hearts are
melting and ready to break.
And notwithstanding the action of the maddened throng, and the
angry words of the priests and rulers, these women give expression to their sympathy. As
Jesus falls fainting beneath the cross, they break forth into mournful wailing.
This was the only thing that
attracted Christ's attention. Although full of suffering, while bearing the sins of the
world, He was not indifferent to the expression of grief. He looked upon these women with
tender compassion. They were not believers in Him; He knew that they were not lamenting
Him as one sent from God, but were moved by feelings of human pity. He did not despise
their sympathy, but it awakened in His heart a deeper sympathy for them. "Daughters
of Jerusalem," He said, "weep not for Me, but weep for yourselves, and for your
children." From the scene before Him, Christ looked forward to the time of
Jerusalem's destruction. In that terrible scene, many of those who were now weeping for
Him were to perish with their children.
From the fall of Jerusalem
the thoughts of Jesus passed to a wider judgment. In the destruction of the impenitent
city He saw a symbol of the final destruction to come upon the world. He said, "Then
shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if
they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?" By the green
tree, Jesus represented Himself, the innocent Redeemer. God suffered His wrath against
transgression to fall on His beloved Son. Jesus was to be crucified for the sins of men.
What suffering, then, would the sinner bear who continued in sin? All the impenitent and
unbelieving would know a sorrow and misery that language would fail to express.
Of the multitude that
followed the Saviour to Calvary, many had attended Him with joyful hosannas and the waving
of palm branches as He rode triumphantly into Jerusalem. But not a few who had then
shouted His praise, because it was popular to do so, now swelled the cry of "Crucify
Him, crucify Him." When Christ rode into Jerusalem, the hopes of the disciples had
been raised to the highest pitch. They had pressed close about their Master, feeling that
it was a high honor to be connected with Him. Now in His humiliation they followed Him at
a distance. They were filled with grief, and bowed down with disappointed hopes. How were
the words of Jesus verified: "All ye shall be offended because of Me this night: for
it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered
abroad." Matt. 26:31.
Arriving at the place of
execution, the prisoners were bound to the instruments of torture. The two thieves
wrestled in the hands of those who placed them on the cross; but Jesus made no resistance.
The mother of Jesus, supported by John the beloved disciple, had followed the steps of her
Son to Calvary. She had seen Him fainting under the burden of the cross, and had longed to
place a supporting hand beneath His wounded head, and to bathe that brow which had once
been pillowed upon her bosom. But she was not permitted this mournful privilege. With the
disciples she still cherished the hope that Jesus would manifest His power, and deliver
Himself from His enemies. Again her heart would sink as she recalled the words in which He
had foretold the very scenes that were then taking place. As the thieves were bound to the
cross, she looked on with agonizing suspense. Would He who had given life to the dead
suffer Himself to be crucified? Would the Son of God suffer Himself to be thus cruelly
slain? Must she give up her faith that Jesus was the Messiah? Must she witness His shame
and sorrow, without even the privilege of ministering to Him in His distress? She saw His
hands stretched upon the cross; the hammer and the nails were brought, and as the spikes
were driven through the tender flesh, the heart-stricken disciples bore away from the
cruel scene the fainting form of the mother of Jesus.
The Saviour made no murmur of
complaint. His face remained calm and serene, but great drops of sweat stood upon His
brow. There was no pitying hand to wipe the death dew from His face, nor words of sympathy
and unchanging fidelity to stay His human heart. While the soldiers were doing their
fearful work, Jesus prayed for His enemies, "Father, forgive them; for they know not
what they do." His mind passed from His own suffering to the sin of His persecutors,
and the terrible retribution that would be theirs. No curses were called down upon the
soldiers who were handling Him so roughly. No vengeance was invoked upon the priests and
rulers, who were gloating over the accomplishment of their purpose. Christ pitied them in
their ignorance and guilt. He breathed only a plea for their forgiveness,--"for they
know not what they do."
Had they known that they were
putting to torture One who had come to save the sinful race from eternal ruin, they would
have been seized with remorse and horror. But their ignorance did not remove their guilt;
for it was their privilege to know and accept Jesus as their
Saviour. Some of them would
yet see their sin, and repent, and be converted. Some by their impenitence would make it
an impossibility for the prayer of Christ to be answered for them. Yet, just the same,
God's purpose was reaching its fulfillment. Jesus was earning the right to become the
advocate of men in the Father's presence.
That prayer of Christ for His
enemies embraced the world. It took in every sinner that had lived or should live, from
the beginning of the world to the end of time. Upon all rests the guilt of crucifying the
Son of God. To all, forgiveness is freely offered. "Whosoever will" may have
peace with God, and inherit eternal life.
As soon as Jesus was nailed
to the cross, it was lifted by strong men, and with great violence thrust into the place
prepared for it. This caused the most intense agony to the Son of God. Pilate then wrote
an inscription in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, and placed it upon the cross, above the head
of Jesus. It read, "Jesus of Nazareth the King of the Jews." This inscription
irritated the Jews. In Pilate's court they had cried, "Crucify Him." "We
have no king but Caesar." John 19:15. They had declared that whoever should
acknowledge any other king was a traitor. Pilate wrote out the sentiment they had
expressed. No offense was mentioned, except that Jesus was the King of the Jews. The
inscription was a virtual acknowledgment of the allegiance of the Jews to the Roman power.
It declared that whoever might claim to be the King of Israel would be judged by them
worthy of death. The priests had overreached themselves. When they were plotting the death
of Christ, Caiaphas had declared it expedient that one man should die to save the nation.
Now their hypocrisy was revealed. In order to destroy Christ, they had been ready to
sacrifice even their national existence.
The priests saw what they had
done, and asked Pilate to change the inscription. They said, "Write not, The King of
the Jews; but that He said, I am King of the Jews." But Pilate was angry with himself
because of his former weakness, and he thoroughly despised the jealous and artful priests
and rulers. He replied coldly, "What I have written I have written."
A higher power than Pilate or
the Jews had directed the placing of that inscription above the head of Jesus. In the
providence of God it was to awaken thought, and investigation of the Scriptures. The place
where Christ was crucified was near to the city. Thousands of people from all lands were
then at Jerusalem, and the inscription declaring Jesus of
Nazareth the Messiah would come
to their notice. It was a living truth, transcribed by a hand that God had guided.
In the sufferings of Christ
upon the cross prophecy was fulfilled. Centuries before the crucifixion, the Saviour had
foretold the treatment He was to receive. He said, "Dogs have compassed Me: the
assembly of the wicked have enclosed Me: they pierced My hands and My feet. I may tell all
My bones: they look and stare upon Me. They part My garments among them, and cast lots
upon My vesture." Ps. 22:16-18. The prophecy concerning His garments was carried out
without counsel or interference from the friends or the enemies of the Crucified One. To
the soldiers who had placed Him upon the cross, His clothing was given. Christ heard the
men's contention as they parted the garments among them. His tunic was woven throughout
without seam, and they said, "Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it
In another prophecy the
Saviour declared, "Reproach hath broken My heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I
looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none.
They gave Me also gall for My meat; and in My thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink."
Ps. 69:20, 21. To those who suffered death by the cross, it was permitted to give a
stupefying potion, to deaden the sense of pain. This was offered to Jesus; but when He had
tasted it, He refused it. He would receive nothing that could becloud His mind. His faith
must keep fast hold upon God. This was His only strength. To becloud His senses would give
Satan an advantage.
The enemies of Jesus vented
their rage upon Him as He hung upon the cross. Priests, rulers, and scribes joined with
the mob in mocking the dying Saviour. At the baptism and at the transfiguration the voice
of God had been heard proclaiming Christ as His Son. Again, just before Christ's betrayal,
the Father had spoken, witnessing to His divinity. But now the voice from heaven was
silent. No testimony in Christ's favor was heard. Alone He suffered abuse and mockery from
"If Thou be the Son of
God," they said, "come down from the cross." "Let Him save Himself, if
He be Christ, the chosen of God." In the wilderness of temptation Satan had declared,
"If Thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread." "If
Thou be the Son of God, cast Thyself down" from the pinnacle of the temple. Matt.
4:3, 6. And Satan with his angels, in human form, was present at the
cross. The archfiend
and his hosts were co-operating with the priests and rulers. The teachers of the people
had stimulated the ignorant mob to pronounce judgment against One upon whom many of them
had never looked, until urged to bear testimony against Him. Priests, rulers, Pharisees,
and the hardened rabble were confederated together in a satanic frenzy. Religious rulers
united with Satan and his angels. They were doing his bidding.
Jesus, suffering and dying,
heard every word as the priests declared, "He saved others; Himself He cannot save.
Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and
believe." Christ could have come down from the cross. But it is because He would not
save Himself that the sinner has hope of pardon and favor with God.
In their mockery of the
Saviour, the men who professed to be the expounders of prophecy were repeating the very
words which Inspiration had foretold they would utter upon this occasion. Yet in their
blindness they did not see that they were fulfilling the prophecy. Those who in derision
uttered the words, "He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now, if He will have Him:
for He said, I am the Son of God," little thought that their testimony would sound
down the ages. But although spoken in mockery, these words led men to search the
Scriptures as they had never done before. Wise men heard, searched, pondered, and prayed.
There were those who never rested until, by comparing scripture with scripture, they saw
the meaning of Christ's mission. Never before was there such a general knowledge of Jesus
as when He hung upon the cross. Into the hearts of many who beheld the crucifixion scene,
and who heard Christ's words, the light of truth was shining.
To Jesus in His agony on the
cross there came one gleam of comfort. It was the prayer of the penitent thief. Both the
men who were crucified with Jesus had at first railed upon Him; and one under his
suffering only became more desperate and defiant. But not so with his companion. This man
was not a hardened criminal; he had been led astray by evil associations, but he was less
guilty than many of those who stood beside the cross reviling the Saviour. He had seen and
heard Jesus, and had been convicted by His teaching, but he had been turned away from Him
by the priests and rulers. Seeking to stifle conviction, he had plunged deeper and deeper
into sin, until he was arrested, tried as a criminal, and condemned to die on the cross.
In the judgment hall and on the way to Calvary he had been in company with Jesus. He had
heard Pilate declare, "I find no fault in Him." John 19:4. He had marked His
godlike bearing, and His pitying forgiveness of His tormentors. On the cross he sees the
many great religionists shoot out the tongue with scorn, and ridicule the Lord Jesus. He
sees the wagging heads. He hears the upbraiding speeches taken up by his companion in
guilt: "If Thou be Christ, save Thyself and us." Among the passers-by he hears
many defending Jesus. He hears them repeat His words, and tell of His works. The
conviction comes back to him that this is the Christ. Turning to his fellow criminal he
says, "Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?" The
dying thieves have no longer anything to fear from man. But upon one of them presses the
conviction that there is a God to fear, a future to cause him to tremble. And now, all
sin-polluted as it is, his life history is about to close. "And we indeed
justly," he moans; "for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this Man
hath done nothing amiss."
There is no question now.
There are no doubts, no reproaches. When condemned for his crime, the thief had become
hopeless and despairing; but strange, tender thoughts now spring up. He calls to mind all
he has heard of Jesus, how He has healed the sick and pardoned sin. He has heard the words
of those who believed in Jesus and followed Him weeping. He has seen and read the title
above the Saviour's head. He has heard the passers-by repeat it, some with grieved,
quivering lips, others with jesting and mockery. The Holy Spirit illuminates his mind, and
little by little the chain of evidence is joined together. In Jesus, bruised, mocked, and
hanging upon the cross, he sees the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world.
Hope is mingled with anguish in his voice as the helpless, dying soul casts himself upon a
dying Saviour. "Lord, remember me," he cries, "when Thou comest into Thy
Quickly the answer came. Soft
and melodious the tone, full of love, compassion, and power the words: Verily I say unto
thee today, Thou shalt be with Me in paradise.
For long hours of agony,
reviling and mockery have fallen upon the ears of Jesus. As He hangs upon the cross, there
floats up to Him still the sound of jeers and curses. With longing heart He has listened
for some expression of faith from His disciples. He has heard only the mournful words,
"We trusted that it had been He which should have redeemed Israel." How grateful
then to the Saviour was the utterance of faith and love from the dying thief! While the
leading Jews deny Him, and even the disciples doubt His divinity, the poor thief, upon the
brink of eternity, calls Jesus Lord. Many were ready to call Him Lord when He wrought
miracles, and after He had risen from the grave; but none acknowledged Him as He hung
dying upon the cross save the penitent thief who was saved at the eleventh hour.
The bystanders caught the
words as the thief called Jesus Lord. The tone of the repentant man arrested their
attention. Those who at the foot of the cross had been quarreling over Christ's garments,
and casting lots upon His vesture, stopped to listen. Their angry tones were hushed. With
bated breath they looked upon Christ, and waited for the response from those dying lips.
As He spoke the words of
promise, the dark cloud that seemed to enshroud the cross was pierced by a bright and
living light. To the penitent thief came the perfect peace of acceptance with God. Christ
in His humiliation was glorified. He who in all other eyes appeared to be conquered was a
Conqueror. He was acknowledged as the Sin Bearer. Men may exercise power over His human
body. They may pierce the holy temples with the crown of thorns. They may strip from Him
His raiment, and quarrel over its division. But they cannot rob Him of His power to
forgive sins. In dying He bears testimony to His own divinity and to the glory of the
Father. His ear is not heavy that it cannot hear, neither His arm shortened that it cannot
save. It is His royal right to save unto the uttermost all who come unto God by Him.
I say unto thee today, Thou
shalt be with Me in Paradise. Christ did not promise that the thief should be with Him in
Paradise that day. He Himself did not go that day to Paradise. He slept in the tomb, and
on the morning of the resurrection He said, "I am not yet ascended to My
Father." John 20:17. But on the day of the crucifixion, the day of apparent defeat
and darkness, the promise was given. "Today" while dying upon the cross as a
malefactor, Christ assures the poor sinner, Thou shalt be with Me in Paradise.
The thieves crucified with
Jesus were placed "on either side one, and Jesus in the midst." This was done by
the direction of the priests and rulers. Christ's position between the thieves was to
indicate that He was the greatest criminal of the three. Thus was fulfilled the scripture,
"He was numbered with the transgressors." Isa. 53:12. But the full meaning of
their act the priests did not see. As Jesus, crucified with the thieves, was placed
"in the midst," so His cross was placed in the midst of a world lying in sin.
And the words of pardon spoken to the penitent thief kindled a light that will shine to
the earth's remotest bounds.
With amazement the angels
beheld the infinite love of Jesus, who, suffering the most intense agony of mind and body,
thought only of others, and encouraged the penitent soul to believe. In His humiliation He
as a prophet had addressed the daughters of Jerusalem; as priest and advocate He had
pleaded with the Father to forgive His murderers; as a loving Saviour He had forgiven the
sins of the penitent thief.
As the eyes of Jesus wandered
over the multitude about Him, one figure arrested His attention. At the foot of the cross
stood His mother, supported by the disciple John. She could not endure to remain away from
her Son; and John, knowing that the end was near, had brought her again to the cross. In
His dying hour, Christ remembered His mother. Looking into her grief-stricken face and
then upon John, He said to her, "Woman, behold thy son!" then to John,
"Behold thy mother!" John understood Christ's words, and accepted the trust. He
at once took Mary to his home, and from that hour cared for her tenderly. O pitiful,
loving Saviour; amid all His physical pain and mental anguish, He had a thoughtful care
for His mother! He had no money with which to provide for her comfort; but He was
enshrined in the heart of John, and He gave His mother to him as a precious legacy. Thus
He provided for her that which she most needed,--the tender sympathy of one who loved her
because she loved Jesus. And in receiving her as a sacred trust, John was receiving a
great blessing. She was a constant reminder of his beloved Master.
The perfect example of
Christ's filial love shines forth with undimmed luster from the mist of ages. For nearly
thirty years Jesus by His daily toil had helped bear the burdens of the home. And now,
even in His last agony, He remembers to provide for His sorrowing, widowed mother. The
same spirit will be seen in every disciple of our Lord. Those who follow Christ will feel
that it is a part of their religion to respect and provide for their parents. From the
heart where His love is cherished, father and mother will never fail of receiving
thoughtful care and tender sympathy.
And now the Lord of glory was
dying, a ransom for the race. In yielding up His precious life, Christ was not upheld by
triumphant joy. All was oppressive gloom. It was not the dread of death that weighed upon
Him. It was not the pain and ignominy of the cross that caused His inexpressible agony.
Christ was the prince of sufferers; but His suffering was from a sense of the malignity of
sin, a knowledge that
through familiarity with evil, man had become blinded to its
enormity. Christ saw how deep is the hold of sin upon the human heart, how few would be
willing to break from its power. He knew that without help from God, humanity must perish,
and He saw multitudes perishing within reach of abundant help.
Upon Christ as our substitute
and surety was laid the iniquity of us all. He was counted a transgressor, that He might
redeem us from the condemnation of the law. The guilt of every descendant of Adam was
pressing upon His heart. The wrath of God against sin, the terrible manifestation of His
displeasure because of iniquity, filled the soul of His Son with consternation. All His
life Christ had been publishing to a fallen world the good news of the Father's mercy and
pardoning love. Salvation for the chief of sinners was His theme. But now with the
terrible weight of guilt He bears, He cannot see the Father's reconciling face. The
withdrawal of the divine countenance from the Saviour in this hour of supreme anguish
pierced His heart with a sorrow that can never be fully understood by man. So great was
this agony that His physical pain was hardly felt.
Satan with his fierce
temptations wrung the heart of Jesus. The Saviour could not see through the portals of the
tomb. Hope did not present to Him His coming forth from the grave a conqueror, or tell Him
of the Father's acceptance of the sacrifice. He feared that sin was so offensive to God
that Their separation was to be eternal. Christ felt the anguish which the sinner will
feel when mercy shall no longer plead for the guilty race. It was the sense of sin,
bringing the Father's wrath upon Him as man's substitute, that made the cup He drank so
bitter, and broke the heart of the Son of God.
With amazement angels
witnessed the Saviour's despairing agony. The hosts of heaven veiled their faces from the
fearful sight. Inanimate nature expressed sympathy with its insulted and dying Author. The
sun refused to look upon the awful scene. Its full, bright rays were illuminating the
earth at midday, when suddenly it seemed to be blotted out. Complete darkness, like a
funeral pall, enveloped the cross. "There was darkness over all the land unto the
ninth hour." There was no eclipse or other natural cause for this darkness, which was
as deep as midnight without moon or stars. It was a miraculous testimony given by God that
the faith of after generations might be confirmed.
In that thick darkness God's
presence was hidden. He makes darkness His pavilion, and conceals His glory from human
eyes. God and
His holy angels were beside the cross. The Father was with His Son. Yet His
presence was not revealed. Had His glory flashed forth from the cloud, every human
beholder would have been destroyed. And in that dreadful hour Christ was not to be
comforted with the Father's presence. He trod the wine press alone, and of the people
there was none with Him.
In the thick darkness, God
veiled the last human agony of His Son. All who had seen Christ in His suffering had been
convicted of His divinity. That face, once beheld by humanity, was never forgotten. As the
face of Cain expressed his guilt as a murderer, so the face of Christ revealed innocence,
serenity, benevolence,--the image of God. But His accusers would not give heed to the
signet of heaven. Through long hours of agony Christ had been gazed upon by the jeering
multitude. Now He was mercifully hidden by the mantle of God.
The silence of the grave
seemed to have fallen upon Calvary. A nameless terror held the throng that was gathered
about the cross. The cursing and reviling ceased in the midst of half-uttered sentences.
Men, women, and children fell prostrate upon the earth. Vivid lightnings occasionally
flashed forth from the cloud, and revealed the cross and the crucified Redeemer. Priests,
rulers, scribes, executioners, and the mob, all thought that their time of retribution had
come. After a while some whispered that Jesus would now come down from the cross. Some
attempted to grope their way back to the city, beating their breasts and wailing in fear.
At the ninth hour the
darkness lifted from the people, but still enveloped the Saviour. It was a symbol of the
agony and horror that weighed upon His heart. No eye could pierce the gloom that
surrounded the cross, and none could penetrate the deeper gloom that enshrouded the
suffering soul of Christ. The angry lightnings seemed to be hurled at Him as He hung upon
the cross. Then "Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama
sabachthani?" "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" As the outer
gloom settled about the Saviour, many voices exclaimed: The vengeance of heaven is upon
Him. The bolts of God's wrath are hurled at Him, because He claimed to be the Son of God.
Many who believed on Him heard His despairing cry. Hope left them. If God had forsaken
Jesus, in what could His followers trust?
When the darkness lifted from
the oppressed spirit of Christ, He revived to a sense of physical suffering, and said,
"I thirst." One of the
Roman soldiers, touched with pity as he looked at the
parched lips, took a sponge on a stalk of hyssop, and dipping it in a vessel of vinegar,
offered it to Jesus. But the priests mocked at His agony. When darkness covered the earth,
they had been filled with fear; as their terror abated, the dread returned that Jesus
would yet escape them. His words, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" they had
misinterpreted. With bitter contempt and scorn they said, "This man calleth for
Elias." The last opportunity to relieve His sufferings they refused. "Let
be," they said, "let us see whether Elias will come to save Him."
The spotless Son of God hung
upon the cross, His flesh lacerated with stripes; those hands so often reached out in
blessing, nailed to the wooden bars; those feet so tireless on ministries of love, spiked
to the tree; that royal head pierced by the crown of thorns; those quivering lips shaped
to the cry of woe. And all that He endured--the blood drops that flowed from His head, His
hands, His feet, the agony that racked His frame, and the unutterable anguish that filled
His soul at the hiding of His Father's face--speaks to each child of humanity, declaring,
It is for thee that the Son of God consents to bear this burden of guilt; for thee He
spoils the domain of death, and opens the gates of Paradise. He who stilled the angry
waves and walked the foam-capped billows, who made devils tremble and disease flee, who
opened blind eyes and called forth the dead to life,--offers Himself upon the cross as a
sacrifice, and this from love to thee.
He, the Sin Bearer, endures the wrath of divine
justice, and for thy sake becomes sin itself.
In silence the beholders
watched for the end of the fearful scene. The sun shone forth; but the cross was still
enveloped in darkness. Priests and rulers looked toward Jerusalem; and lo, the dense cloud
had settled over the city and the plains of Judea. The Sun of Righteousness, the Light of
the world, was withdrawing His beams from the once favored city of Jerusalem. The fierce
lightnings of God's wrath were directed against the fated city.
Suddenly the gloom lifted
from the cross, and in clear, trumpetlike tones, that seemed to resound throughout
creation, Jesus cried, "It is finished." "Father, into Thy hands I commend
My spirit." A light encircled the cross, and the face of the Saviour shone with a
glory like the sun. He then bowed His head upon His breast, and died.
Amid the awful darkness,
apparently forsaken of God, Christ had drained the last dregs in the cup of human woe. In
those dreadful hours He had relied upon the evidence of His Father's acceptance heretofore
given Him. He was acquainted with the character of His Father; He understood His justice,
His mercy, and His great love. By faith He rested in Him whom it had ever been His joy to
obey. And as in submission He committed Himself to God, the sense of the loss of His
Father's favor was withdrawn. By faith, Christ was victor.
Never before had the earth
witnessed such a scene. The multitude stood paralyzed, and with bated breath gazed upon
the Saviour. Again darkness settled upon the earth, and a hoarse rumbling, like heavy
thunder, was heard. There was a violent earthquake. The people were shaken together in
heaps. The wildest confusion and consternation ensued. In the surrounding mountains, rocks
were rent asunder, and went crashing down into the plains. Sepulchers were broken open,
and the dead were cast out of their tombs. Creation seemed to be shivering to atoms.
Priests, rulers, soldiers, executioners, and people, mute with terror, lay prostrate upon
When the loud cry, "It
is finished," came from the lips of Christ, the priests were officiating in the
temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been
brought to be slain. Clothed in his significant and beautiful dress, the priest stood with
lifted knife, as did Abraham when he was about to slay his son. With intense interest the
people were looking on. But the earth trembles and quakes;
for the Lord Himself draws
near. With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom by an
unseen hand, throwing open to the gaze of the multitude a place once filled with the
presence of God. In this place the Shekinah had dwelt. Here God had manifested His glory
above the mercy seat. No one but the high priest ever lifted the veil separating this
apartment from the rest of the temple. He entered in once a year to make an atonement for
the sins of the people. But lo, this veil is rent in twain. The most holy place of the
earthly sanctuary is no longer sacred.
All is terror and confusion.
The priest is about to slay the victim; but the knife drops from his nerveless hand, and
the lamb escapes. Type has met antitype in the death of God's Son. The great sacrifice has
been made. The way into the holiest is laid open. A new and living way is prepared for
all. No longer need sinful, sorrowing humanity await the coming of the high priest.
Henceforth the Saviour was to officiate as priest and advocate in the heaven of heavens.
It was as if a living voice had spoken to the worshipers: There is now an end to all
sacrifices and offerings for sin. The Son of God is come according to His word, "Lo,
I come (in the volume of the Book it is written of Me,) to do Thy will, O God."
"By His own blood" He entereth "in once into the holy place, having
obtained eternal redemption for us." Heb. 10:7; 9:12.