Sure Word of Prophecy
The Atonement in Type
WHAT did God, through Moses, command Israel to make?
"And let them
make Me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them." Ex. 25:8.
What was offered in this sanctuary?
"In which were offered both gifts and sacrifices." Heb.
Besides the court, how many parts had this sanctuary?
"And the veil shall divide unto you between the holy place and
the most holy." Ex. 26:33.
What was in the first apartment, or holy place?
"For there was a tabernacle made; the
first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the showbread;
which is called the sanctuary." Heb. 9:2. "And he put the
golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the veil."
Ex. 40:26. See also Ex. 30:1-6.
What was contained in the second apartment?
"And after the second veil, the tabernacle
which is called the holiest of all; which had the golden censer, and
the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was .
. . the tables of the covenant." Heb. 9:3,4. See also Ex.
By what name was the cover of the ark known?
"And thou shalt put the mercy-seat above
upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the
testimony that I shall give thee." Ex. 25:21.
Where was God to meet with Israel?
"And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from
above the mercy-seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark
of the testimony." Verse 22.
What was in the ark, under the mercy-seat?
"And He wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the
ten commandments. . . . And I turned myself and came down from the
mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made." Deut.
When did the priest minister in the first apartment of the sanctuary?
"Now these things having been thus prepared, the priests go in continually
into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the services." Heb. 9:6,
Who alone went into the second apartment, how often, and for what purpose?
"But into the second went the high priest alone once every year,
not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the
people." Verse 7..
What were sinners desiring pardon instructed to do?
"And if anyone of the common people sin through ignorance, while he
doeth somewhat against any of the commandments of the Lord. . . then he
shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a female without blemish,
for his sin which he hath sinned. And he shall lay his hand upon the
head of the sin-offering, and slay the sin-offering in the place of the
burnt offering." Lev. 4:27-29.
to this, if a man sinned in Israel, he violated one of the ten
commandments that were in the ark under the mercy-seat. These commandments
are the foundation of God's government. To violate them is to commit sin,
and so become subject to death. 1 John 3:4; Rom. 6:23. But there was a
mercy-seat reared above these holy and just commandments. In the
dispensation of His mercy, God grants the sinner the privilege of
confessing his sins, and bringing a substitute to meet the demands of the
law, and thus of obtaining mercy.
What was done with the blood of the offering?
"And the priest shall take of the blood
thereof with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt
offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the
altar." Verse 30.
a person discovered his sin by the law which demanded the death of the
transgressor, he first brought his offering, then he confessed his sin
while laying his hands on the head of the victim, thus, in figure,
transferring his sin to the victim; the victim was next slain in the
court, or outer part of the sanctuary, and its blood put on the horns of
the altar and poured at the foot of the altar. In this way sins were
pardoned, and, in the typical service, transferred to the sanctuary.
After the accumulation of the sins of the year in this way, what service
took place on the tenth day of the seventh month of each year?
"And this shall be a statute forever unto
you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall
afflict your souls, . . . for on that day shall the priest make an
atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins
before the Lord." Lev. 16:29,30.
How was the sanctuary itself to be cleansed, and how were the sins of the
people to be finally disposed of?
"And he [the high priest] shall take of the
congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a
sin-offering. . . . And he shall take the two goats, and present them
before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And
Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats, one lot for the Lord, and
the other lot for the scapegoat." Verses 5-8.
Hebrew word for scapegoat is Azazel. See margin of verse 8. It is
used as a proper name, and according to the opinion of the most ancient
Hebrews and Christians, refers to Satan, or the angel who revolted and
persisted in rebellion and sin.
What was done with the blood of the goat upon which the Lord's lot fell?
"Then shall he kill the goat of the
sin-offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil,
. . . and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, and before the
mercy-seat." Verse 15.
Why was it necessary to make this atonement?
"And he shall make an atonement for the
holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and
because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do
for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the
midst of their uncleanness." Verse 16.
were conveyed into the sanctuary during the year by the blood of the
personal sin-offerings offered daily at the door of the tabernacle. Here
they remained until the day of atonement, when the high priest went into
the most holy place with the blood of the goat on which the Lord's lot
fell; and, bearing the accumulated sins of the year in before the
mercy-seat, he there, in type, atoned for them, and so cleansed the
After having made atonement for the people in the most holy place,
what did the high priest next do?
"And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the
tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live
goat: and Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live
goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel,
and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head
of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the
wilderness." Verses 20,21.
offering of the Lord's goat cleansed the sanctuary. By this offering the
sins of the people, transferred there during the year, were, in type,
atoned for; but they were not by this offering finally disposed of, or
destroyed. The scapegoat, symbolizing Satan, the great tempter and
originator of sin, was brought to the sanctuary, and upon his head were
placed all these sins which Satin had tempted God's people to commit.
What final disposition was made of the sins of the people?
"And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land
not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in
the wilderness." Verse 22.
What was this earthly sanctuary and its round of service?
"Which was a figure for the time then present." Heb. 9:9.
Of what sanctuary, or tabernacle, is Christ the minister?
"A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which
the Lord pitched, and not man." Heb. 8:2.
Of what was the blood of all the sacrifices of the former dispensation
only a type?
"Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He
entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption
for us." Heb. 9:12. See Eph. 5:2.
the sacrifices and offerings brought to the altar of the earthly
sanctuary, the penitent believer was to lay hold of the merits of Christ,
the Saviour to come. In this way, and in this way only, was there any
virtue connected with them.
At the death of Christ, what miraculous occurrence signified that the
priestly work and services of the earthly sanctuary were finished?
"Jesus, when He had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the
ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the
top to the bottom." Matt. 27:50,51.
had met antitype; the shadow had reached the substance. Christ, the great
sacrifice, had been slain, and was about to enter upon His final work as
our great high priest in the sanctuary in heaven.
The priestly work in the earthly sanctuary was typical of the work of
Christ in the heavenly sanctuary. In the earthly, the atonement was
performed on the last day of the ceremonial year. All who did not then
have their sins atoned for were "cut off," and the camp was
cleansed from sin. The atonement day was virtually a day of judgment for
Israel, and the people whose sins had been atoned for were free from sin,
and could enter upon the services of the new year clean in the sight of
God. This work was kept up year after year. In the heavenly sanctuary, the
sacrifice is offered but once; and but one atonement, or cleansing of the
heavenly sanctuary, can be made, which must take place at the time
assigned of God for it. And when the great atonement, or cleansing, of the
heavenly sanctuary has been made, God's people will be forever free from
sin, and the fate of all will be forever sealed. See Rev. 22:11. This, as
in the type will be a day of judgment.
The round of service in the earthly sanctuary was God's service. It had to
do with the sins of the people; not that the blood of the sacrifices
offered there could in itself take away their sins, for it is expressly
said that it could not. Heb. 10:4. It could, however, show their faith in
the efficacy of Christ's blood yet to be spilled, and to which the
sanctuary work was intended constantly to direct their minds. The work
there was a type, or shadow, of Christ's atoning work, and, as such,
carries with it a significance that cannot be overestimated. Upon a
correct understanding of the type depends a correct understanding of the
antitype. The entire sanctuary service was an object-lesson of most
important and vital gospel truth,-that of man's salvation and the
atonement of sin.
What relation does the earthly sanctuary sustain to the heavenly?
"Who serve unto the example and shadow
of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about
to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith He, that thou make all things
according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount." Heb.
By what comparison is it shown that the heavenly sanctuary will be
"It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the
heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things
themselves with better sacrifices than these." Heb. 9:23.
When Christ has finished His priestly mediatorial work in the heavenly
sanctuary, what decree will go forth?
"He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy,
let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous
still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still." Rev. 22:11.
What event is directly connected with the blotting out of sin and the
final refreshing from God's presence?
"Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted
out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the
Lord; and He shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached
unto you: whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of
all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets
since the world began." Acts 3:19-21.
According to the view of the judgment presented to Daniel,
what is to be given to Christ while still before the Father?
"I saw. . . and, behold, one like the Son of man came . . . to the
Ancient of days, and they brought Him near before Him. And there was given
Him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all
people, nations, and languages, should serve Him." Dan. 7:13,14.
What will occur when the Lord descends from heaven?
"For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout,
with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the
dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall
be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the
air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord." 1 Thess. 4:16,17.
What statement immediately following the announcement mentioned in Rev.
22:11, indicates that a judgment work had been in progress before Christ
"And, behold, I come quickly; and My reward is with Me, to give
every man according as his work shall be." Rev. 22:12.
typical sanctuary service is fully met in the work of Christ. As the
atonement day of the former dispensation was really a day of judgment, so
the atonement work of Christ will include the investigation of the cases
of His people prior to His coming the second time to receive them unto
Is there a specified time for the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary?
"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days;
then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Dan. 8:14.
How may one know that this does not refer to the earthly sanctuary?
"He said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the
end shall be the vision." Verse 17.
prophetic period of 2300 days (years) extends to 1844 A.D., while the
divinely appointed services of the earthly sanctuary ceased at the cross
(Dan. 9:27; Matt. 27:50,51), and the sanctuary itself was destroyed in 70
A.D., when Titus captured Jerusalem. For explanation of the period here
mentioned, see the preceding reading.
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