Sure Word of Prophecy
The Kingdom and Work
WHAT is said of the little horn as compared with the ten horns of the
fourth beast of Daniel 7?
shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three
kings." Dan. 7:24.
Papacy, which arose on the ruins of the Roman Empire, differed from
all previous forms of Roman power, in that it was an ecclesiastical
despotism claiming universal dominion over both spiritual and temporal
affairs, especially the former. It was a union of church and state, with
the church dominant.
attitude of rivalry was the Papacy, represented by the little horn, to
assume toward the Most High?
shall speak great words against the Most High." Verse 25,
3. How does
Paul, speaking of the man of sin, describe this same power?
opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is
worshiped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing
himself that he is God." 2 Thess. 2:4.
following extracts from authoritative works, most of them by Roman
Catholic writers, will indicate to what extent the Papacy has done this:-
names which are attributed to Christ in Scripture, implying His supremacy
over the church, are also attributed to the Pope."-Bellarmine,
"On the Authority of Councils," book 2, chap. 17.
thou art the shepherd, thou art the physician, thou art the director, thou
art the husbandman; finally thou art another God on earth." -From
Oration of Christopher Marcellus in fourth session of Fifth Lateran
Council, Labbe and Cossart's " History of the Councils,"
published in 1672, Vol. XIV, col. 109.
not man, but God, not by human but rather by divine authority, releases
those whom, on account of the need of the churches or what is regarded as
a benefit, the Roman pontiff (who is vicegerent on earth, not of mere man,
but of the true God) separates [from their churches]."-"The
Decretals of Gregory IX," book 1, title 7, chap. 3.
Pope is the supreme judge of the law of the land. He is the vicegerent of
Christ; who is not only a priest forever, but also King of kings and Lord
of lords."-From the Civilta Cattolica, March 18, 1871, quoted in
"Vatican Council," by Leonard Woolsey Bacon, American Tract
Society edition, page 220.
entrusted His office to the chief pontiff; . . . but all power in heaven and
in earth has been given to Christ; . . . there fore the chief pontiff, who
is His vicar, will have this power."-Gloss on the "Extravagantes
Communes," book 1, "On Authority and Obedience,"
chap. 1 , on words Porro Subesse Romano Pontiff. Canon law,
published in 1556, Vol. III, "Extravagantes
Communes," col. 29.
the Pope is crowned with a triple crown, as king of heaven, and earth, and
purgatory (Internorum)."-" Prompta Bibliotheca,"
Ferraris, Vol. VI, page 26, article "Papa" (the Pope).
decision of the Pope and the decision of God constitute one decision,
just as the opinion of the Pope and his disciple are the same. Since,
therefore, an appeal is always taken from an inferior judge to a
superior, as no one is greater than himself, so no appeal holds when made
from the Pope to God, because there is one consistory of the Pope himself
and of God Himself, of which consistory the Pope himself is the key-bearer
and the doorkeeper. Therefore no one can appeal from the Pope to God, as
no one can enter into the consistory of God without the mediation of the
Pope who is the key-bearer and the doorkeeper of the consistory of eternal
life; and as no one can appeal to himself, so no one can appeal from the
Pope to God, because there is one decision and one curia [court] of God
and of the Pope."-Writings of Augustinus de Ancona printed without
title page or
pagination, Ques. VI, "On an Appeal From the Decision of the
"All the faithful of Christ must believe that the Holy Apostolic See
and the Roman
pontiff possesses the primacy over the whole world, and that the Roman
pontiff is the successor of the blessed Peter, prince of the apostles, and
is true vicar of Christ, and the head of the whole church, and father and
teacher of all Christians, and that full power was given him in blessed
Peter to rule, feed, and govern the universal church by Jesus Christ our
Lord."-" Petri Privilegium," in section on "The
Vatican Council and Its Definitions," by Henry Edward Manning,
archbishop of Westminster (Roman Catholic), London, Longmans, Green & Co.,
1871, page 214.
teach and define that it is a dogma divinely revealed; that the Roman
pontiff, when he speaks ex cathedra, that is, when in the discharge
of the office of Pastor and Doctor of all Christians, by virtue of his
supreme apostolic authority he defines a doctrine regarding faith or
morals to be held by the universal church, by the divine assistance
promised to him in blessed Peter, is possessed of that infallibility with which the divine
willed that His church should be endowed for defining doctrine regarding
faith or morals: and that therefore such definitions of the Roman pontiff
are irreformable of themselves, and not from the consent of the
church."- Id., page 218.
Jesus Christ come in person from heaven into a church to administer the
sacrament of reconciliation, and should He say to a penitent, 'I absolve
thee,' and should a priest sitting at His side in the tribunal of penance
pronounce over a penitent the selfsame words, 'I absolve thee,' there is no
question that in the latter case, as in the former, the penitent would be
equally loosed from his sin."-" Jesus Living in the
Priest," by the Rev. P. Millet, S. J., English translation by
the Rt. Rev. Thomas Sebastian Byrne, D. D., bishop of Nashville; New York,
Benziger Brothers printers to the Holy Apostolic See, 1901, pages 23,
24. Imprimatur, Michael Augustine, archbishop of New York.
twenty-seven propositions known as the "Dictates of Hildebrand,"
who, under the name of Gregory VII, was Pope from 1073-87, occur the
the Roman pontiff alone is justly styled universal.
no person . . . may live under the same roof with one excommunicated by the
That all princes should kiss his feet only.
That it is lawful for him to depose emperors.
That his sentence is not to be reviewed by anyone; while he alone can
review the decisions of all others.
That he can be judged by no one.
That the Romish Church never erred, nor will it, according to the
Scriptures, ever err.
That no one is to be accounted a Catholic who does not harmonize with
the Romish Church.
That he can absolve subjects from their allegiance to unrighteous
rulers."- Annals of Baronius, 1076, Vol. XI, col. 506. See
Gieseler's "Ecclesiastical History," third period, div. 3, par. 47,
note 3; and Mosheim's " Ecclesiastical
History," book 3, cen. 11, part 2, chap. 2, par. 9, note.
have assumed infallibility, which belongs only to God. They profess to
forgive sins, which belongs only to God. They profess to open and shut
heaven, which belongs only to God. They profess to be higher than all the
kings of the earth which belongs only to God. And they go beyond God in
pretending to loose whole nations from their oath of allegiance to their
kings, when such kings do not please them. And they go against God,
when they give indulgences for sin. This is the worst of
all blasphemies."- Adam Clarke, on Dan. 7:25.
4. How was
the little horn to treat God's people?
"And shall wear out the
saints of the Most High." Dan. 7:25.
bloody maxims [previously mentioned], those persecutions
were carried on, from the eleventh and twelfth centuries almost to the
present day, which stand out on the page of history. After the signal of
open martyrdom had been given in the canons of Orleans, there followed the
extirpation of the Albigenses under the form of a crusade, the
establishment of the Inquisition, the cruel attempts to extinguish the
Waldenses, the martyrdoms of the Lollards, the cruel wars to exterminate
the Bohemians, the burning of Huss and Jerome, and multitudes of other
confessors, before the Reformation; and afterwards, the ferocious
cruelties practised in the Netherlands, the martyrdoms of Queen Mary's
reign, the extinction by
fire and sword of the Reformation in Spain and Italy, by fraud and open
persecution in Poland, the massacre of Bartholomew, the persecution of the
Huguenots by the League, the extirpation of the Vaudois, and all the
cruelties and prejudices connected with the revocation of the Edict of
Nantes. These are the more open and conspicuous facts which explain the
prophecy, besides the slow and secret murders of the holy tribunal of
the Inquisition."-"The First Two Visions of Daniel,"
Rev. T. R. Birks, M. A., London, 1845, pages 248, 249.
summary of the number of the victims of the Inquisition in Spain,
under each Inquisitor-General, is given in "The History of the
Inquisition in Spain," by Llorente, formerly secretary of the
Inquisition, pages 206-208. According to this authority the number who
were condemned and perished in the flames is 31,912.
church has persecuted. Only a tyro in church history will deny that. . . .
One hundred and fifty years after Constantine the Donatists were
persecuted, and sometimes put to death. . . . Protestants were persecuted in
France and Spain with the full approval of the church authorities. We
have always defended the persecution of the Huguenots, and the Spanish
Inquisition. Wherever and whenever there is honest Catholicity; there will
be a clear distinction drawn between truth and error, and Catholicity
and all forms of error. When she thinks it good to use physical force, she
will use it."-The Western Watchman (Roman Catholic), of St. Louis,
Dec. 24, 1908.
5. What else
does the prophecy say the little horn would do?
"And he shall think
to change the times and the law." Dan. 7:25, third
NOTES.- "The little horn, further, shall think to
change times. The description applies, in all its force, to the
systematic perversion of God's words by which all promises of millennial glory are wrested from
their true sense, and referred to the dominion and
grandeur of the Church of Rome. The orator of the Pope, for instance, in
the Lateran Council, declares that in the submission of all nations to Leo
the prophecy was fulfilled: 'All kings shall fall down and worship Him;
all nations shall serve and obey Him.' The same antichristian feature appears
in those advocates of the Papacy who would clear it from the guilt of
actual idolatry, because 'it is part of that church from which the idols
are utterly abolished.' Thus are the times changed; but only in the vain
'thoughts' of dreamers who see false visions and divine lying divinations;
because the visible glory of Christ's kingdom remains still to be
revealed."-" The First Two Visions of Daniel," Rev. T
.R. Birks, M. A., London, 1845, pages 257, 258.
the ten commandments, the law of God, are found in the Roman Catholic
versions of the Scriptures, as they were originally given, yet the faithful
are instructed from the catechisms of the church, and not directly from
the Bible. As it appears in these, the law of God has been changed and
virtually reenacted by the Papacy. Furthermore, communicants not only
receive the law from the church, but they deal with the church concerning
any alleged infractions of that law, and when they have satisfied the
ecclesiastical authorities, the whole matter is settled.
commandment, which forbids the making of, and bowing down to, images, is
omitted in Catholic catechisms, and the tenth, which forbids coveting, is
divided into two.
of the change which has been made in the law of God by the papal power,
and that it acknowledges the change and claims the authority to make it,
note the following from Roman Catholic publications:-
"Question.-Have you any other way of proving that the church has power to
institute festivals of precept?
"Answer.-Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all
modern religionists agree with her,-she could not have substituted the
observance of Sunday, the first day of the week, for the observance of
Saturday, the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural
authority."-" A Doctrinal Catechism," Rev. Stephen
Keenan, page 174. Imprimatur, John Cardinal McCloskey, archbishop
of New York.
prove you that the church hath power to command feasts and holy days?
"Answer.-By the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which
allow of; and therefore they fondly contradict themselves, by keeping
Sunday strictly, and breaking most other feasts commanded by the same
prove you that?
"Answer.-Because by keeping Sunday they
acknowledge the church's power to ordain feasts, and to command them under
sin: and by not keeping the rest by her commanded, they deny again, in
fact, the same power."-" An Abridgment of the Christian
Doctrine," composed in 1649, by Rev. Henry Tuberville, D. D.,
of the English College of Douay; New York, John Doyle, 1883, page 58.
every Christian obliged to sanctify Sunday, to abstain on that day from
unnecessary servile work? Is not the observance of this law among the most
prominent of our sacred duties? But you may read the Bible from Genesis to
Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the
sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance
of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify."-"The Faith of
Our Fathers," by James Cardinal Gibbons, Baltimore, John Murphy &
Co., 1893, page 111.
Catholic writers agree in this teaching. See chapter 97 of this book.
6. Until what
time were the saints, times, and laws of the Most High to be given into
the hands of the little horn?
they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the
dividing of time." Dan. 7:25, last clause.
7. In what
other prophecies is this same period mentioned?
the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into
the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and
times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent." Rev. 12:14. "And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and
blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue [margin, to make
war] forty and two months." Rev. 13:5. See also Rev. 11:2.
"And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place
prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred
and threescore days." Rev. 12:6.
symbolic prophecy what length of time is represented by a day?
the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even
forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities,
even forty years." Num. 14:34. See Eze. 4:6.
in prophecy being the same as a year (see Dan. 11:13, margin, and R.V.), three and one-half times would be three and a half , years, or
forty-two months, or twelve hundred and sixty days, since the calendar
year of 360 days, or twelve months of thirty days each, is used in
prophetic chronology. As each day represents a year, the period, the end
of which was to mark the limit of the time of the supremacy of the little
horn, the Papacy, over the saints, times, and the law, would therefore be
twelve hundred and sixty years.
The decree of
the emperor Justinian, issued in A.D. 533, recognized the Pope as
"head of all the holy churches." (Justinian's Code, book 1, title
1. Baronius's Annals, A.D. 533.) The overwhelming defeat of the Ostrogoths in the siege of Rome, five years later, A.D. 538, was a death-blow
to the independence of the Arian power then ruling Italy, and was
therefore a notable date in the development of papal supremacy. With the
period 533-538, then, commences the twelve hundred and sixty years of this
prophecy, which would extend to the period 1793-1798. The year 1793 was
the year of the Reign of Terror in the French Revolution, and the year
when the Roman Catholic religion was set aside in France and the worship
of reason was established in its stead. As a direct result of the revolt
against papal authority in the French Revolution, the French army,
under Berthier, entered Rome, and the Pope was taken prisoner Feb. 10,1798, dying in exile at Valence, France, the following
period, 1793-1798, during which this death-stroke was inflicted upon the
Papacy fittingly and clearly marks the close of the long prophetic period
mentioned in this prophecy. Any standard history of the time may be
consulted in substantiation of the facts here stated.
9. What will
finally be done with the dominion exercised by the little horn?
judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume
and to destroy it unto the end." Dan. 7:20.
10. To whom
will the dominion finally be given?
"And the kingdom and dominion, and
the greatness of the kingdom under
the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all
dominions shall serve and obey Him." Verse 27.
as in the second chapter of Daniel, the announcement of the setting up of
the everlasting kingdom of God in the earth includes a brief outline of
the history of this world; and the prophecies of Daniel concerning the
powers that would oppose the purpose of God, furnish additional features
of this outline. The exact fulfillment of this outline in the history of
the world since the time of Nebuchadnezzar constitutes an unimpeachable
testimony to the inspiration of these prophecies, and furnishes a
ground of confidence that the unfulfilled portion of the prophecies will
be wrought out in the future with absolute certainty and in every
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