The Crucifixion of Christ
CHRIST, the precious Son of God, was led
forth and delivered to the people to be crucified. The disciples and believers from the
region round about joined the throng that followed Jesus to Calvary. The mother of Jesus
was also there, supported by John, the beloved disciple. Her heart was stricken with
unutterable anguish; yet she, with the disciples, hoped that the painful scene would
change, and Jesus would assert His power, and appear before His enemies as the Son of God.
Then again her mother heart would sink as she remembered words in which He had briefly
referred to the things which were that day being enacted.
Jesus had scarcely passed the
gate of Pilate's house when the cross which had been prepared for Barabbas was brought out
and laid upon His bruised and bleeding shoulders. Crosses were also placed upon the
companions of Barabbas, who were to suffer death at the same time with Jesus. The Saviour
had borne His burden but a few rods when, from loss of blood and excessive weariness and
pain, He fell fainting to the ground.
When Jesus revived, the cross
was again placed upon His shoulders and He was forced forward. He staggered on for a few
steps, bearing His heavy load, then fell as one lifeless to the ground. He was at first
pronounced to be dead, but finally he again revived. The priests and rulers felt no
compassion for their suffering victim; but they saw that it was impossible for Him to
carry the instrument of torture farther. While they were considering what to do, Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from an opposite direction, met the crowd, was seized at the instigation
of the priests, and compelled to carry the cross of Christ. The sons of Simon were
disciples of Jesus, but he himself had never been connected with Him.
A great multitude followed
the Saviour to Calvary, many mocking and deriding; but some were weeping and recounting
His praise. Those whom He had healed of various infirmities, and those whom He had raised
from the dead, declared His marvelous works with earnest voice, and demanded to know what
Jesus had done that He should be treated as a malefactor. Only a few days before, they had
attended Him with joyful hosannas, and the waving of palm branches, as He rode
triumphantly to Jerusalem. But many who had then shouted His praise, because it was
popular to do so, now swelled the cry of "Crucify Him! Crucify Him!"
to the Cross
Upon arriving at the place of
execution, the condemned were bound to the instruments of torture. While the two thieves
wrestled in the hands of those who stretched them upon the cross, Jesus made no
resistance. The mother of Jesus looked on with agonizing suspense, hoping that He would
work a miracle to save Himself. She saw His hands stretched upon the cross--those dear
hands that had ever dispensed blessings, and had been reached forth so many times to heal
the suffering. And now the hammer and nails were brought, and as the spikes were driven
the tender flesh and fastened to the cross, the heart-stricken disciples bore away
from the cruel scene the fainting form of the mother of Christ.
Jesus made no murmur of
complaint; His face remained pale and serene, but great drops of sweat stood upon His
brow. There was no pitying hand to wipe the death dew from His face, nor words of sympathy
and unchanging fidelity to stay His human heart. He was treading the winepress all alone;
and of all the people there was none with Him. While the soldiers were doing their fearful
work, and He was enduring the most acute agony, Jesus prayed for His
enemies--"Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." Luke 23:34.
That prayer of Christ for His enemies embraced the world, taking in every sinner who
should live, until the end of time.
After Jesus was nailed to the
cross, it was lifted by several powerful men and thrust with great violence into the place
prepared for it, causing the most excruciating agony to the Son of God. And now a terrible
scene was enacted. Priests, rulers, and scribes forgot the dignity of their sacred
offices, and joined with the rabble in mocking and jeering the dying Son of God, saying,
"If Thou be the King of the Jews, save Thyself." Luke 23:37. And some deridingly
repeated among themselves, "He saved others; Himself He cannot save." Mark
15:31. The dignitaries of the temple, the hardened soldiers, the vile thief upon the
cross, and the base and cruel among the multitude--all united in their abuse of Christ.
The thieves who were
crucified with Jesus suffered like physical torture with Him: but one was only hardened
and rendered desperate and defiant by his pain. He took up the mocking of the priest, and
railed upon Jesus, saying, "If Thou be Christ, save Thyself
and us." Luke 23:39.
The other malefactor was not a hardened criminal. When he heard the sneering words of his
companion in crime, he "rebuked him, saying, Dost thou not fear God, seeing thou art
in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our
deeds; but this Man hath done nothing amiss." Luke 23:40, 41. Then, as his heart went
out to Christ, heavenly illumination flooded his mind. In Jesus, bruised, mocked, and
hanging upon the cross, he saw his Redeemer, his only hope, and appealed to him in humble
faith: "Lord, remember me when Thou comest into Thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him,
Verily I say unto thee Today, [BY PLACING THE COMMA AFTER THE WORD TODAY, INSTEAD OF AFTER
THE WORD THEE, AS IN THE COMMON VERSIONS, THE TRUE MEANING OF THE TEXT IS MORE APPARENT.]
shalt thou be with Me in Paradise." Luke 23:43.
With amazement the angels
beheld the infinite love of Jesus, who, suffering the most excruciating agony of mind and
body, thought only of others, and encouraged the penitent soul to believe. While pouring
out his life in death, He exercised a love for man stronger than death. Many who witnessed
those scenes on Calvary were afterward established by them in the faith of Christ.
The enemies of Jesus now
awaited His death with impatient hope. That event they imagined would forever hush the
rumors of His divine power and the wonders of His miracles. They flattered themselves that
they should then no longer tremble because of His influence. The unfeeling soldiers who
had stretched the body of Jesus on the cross, divided His clothing among themselves,
contending over one garment, which was woven without seam. They finally decided the matter
by casting lots for it. The pen of inspiration
had accurately described this scene
hundreds of years before it took place: "For dogs have compassed Me: the assembly of
the wicked have inclosed Me: they pierced My hands and My feet. . . . They part My
garments among them, and cast lots upon My vesture." Ps. 22:16, 18.
Lesson in Filial Love
The eyes of Jesus wandered
over the multitude that had collected together to witness His death, and He saw at the
foot of the cross John supporting Mary, the mother of Christ. She had returned to the
terrible scene, not being able to longer remain away from her Son. The last lesson of
Jesus was one of filial love. He looked upon the grief-stricken face of His mother, and
then upon John; said He, addressing the former: "Woman, behold thy son!" Then,
to the disciple: "Behold thy mother!" John 19:27. John well understood the words
of Jesus, and the sacred trust which was committed to him. He immediately removed the
mother of Christ from the fearful scene of Calvary. From that hour he cared for her as
would a dutiful son, taking her to his own home. The perfect example of Christ's filial
love shines forth with undimmed luster from the mist of ages. While enduring the keenest
torture, He was not forgetful of His mother, but made all provision necessary for her
The mission of Christ's
earthly life was now nearly accomplished. His tongue was parched, and he said, "I
thirst." They saturated a sponge with vinegar and gall, and offered it Him to drink;
and when He had tasted it, he refused it. And now the Lord of life and glory was dying, a
ransom for the race. It was the sense of sin, bringing the Father's wrath upon Him as
man's substitute, that made the cup He drank so bitter, and broke the heart of the Son of
As man's substitute and
surety, the iniquity of men was laid upon Christ; He was counted a transgressor that He
might redeem them from the curse of the law. The guilt of every descendant of Adam of
every age was pressing upon His heart; and the wrath of God and the terrible manifestation
of His displeasure because of iniquity, filled the soul of His Son with consternation. The
withdrawal of the divine countenance from the Saviour in this hour of supreme anguish
pierced His heart with a sorrow that can never be fully understood by man. Every pang
endured by the Son of God upon the cross, the blood drops that flowed from His head, His
hands and feet, the convulsions of agony which racked His frame, and the unutterable
anguish that filled His soul at the hiding of His Father's face from Him, speak to man,
saying, It is for love of thee that the Son of God consents to have these heinous crimes
laid upon Him; for thee He spoils the domain of death, and opens the gates of Paradise and
immortal life. He who stilled the angry waves by His word and walked the foam-capped
billows, who made devils tremble and disease flee from His touch, who raised the dead to
life and opened the eyes of the blind, offers Himself upon the cross as the last sacrifice
for man. He, the sin-bearer, endures judicial punishment for iniquity and becomes sin
itself for man.
Satan, with his fierce
temptations, wrung the heart of Jesus. Sin, so hateful to His sight, was heaped upon Him
till He groaned beneath its weight. No wonder that His humanity trembled in that fearful
hour. Angels witnessed with amazement the despairing agony of the Son of God, so much
greater than His physical pain that the latter was hardly felt by Him. The hosts of heaven
veiled their faces from the fearful sight.
Inanimate nature expressed a
sympathy with its insulted and dying Author. The sun refused to look upon the awful scene.
Its full, bright rays were illuminating the earth at midday, when suddenly it seemed to be
blotted out. Complete darkness enveloped the cross and all the vicinity about, like a
funeral pall. The darkness lasted three full hours. At the ninth hour the terrible
darkness lifted from the people, but still wrapt the Saviour as in a mantle. The angry
lightnings seemed to be hurled at Him as He hung upon the cross. Then "Jesus cried
with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My
God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" Mark 15:34.
In silence the people watch
for the end of this fearful scene. Again the sun shines forth, but the cross is enveloped
in darkness. Suddenly the gloom is lifted from the cross, and in clear trumpet tones, that
seem to resound throughout creation, Jesus cries, "It is finished."
"Father, into Thy hands I commend My spirit." Luke 23:46. A light encircled the
cross, and the face of the Saviour shone with a glory like unto the sun. He then bowed His
head upon His breast and died.
At the moment in which Christ
died, there were priests ministering in the temple before the veil which separated the
holy from the most holy place. Suddenly they felt the earth tremble beneath them, and the
veil of the temple, a strong rich drapery that had been renewed yearly, was rent in twain
from top to bottom by the same bloodless hand that wrote the words of doom upon the walls
of Belshazzar's palace.
Jesus did not yield up His
life till He had accomplished
the work which He came to do; and He exclaimed with His
parting breath, "It is finished!" Angels rejoiced as the words were uttered, for
the great plan of redemption was being triumphantly carried out. There was joy in heaven
that the sons of Adam could now, through a life of obedience, be exalted finally to the
presence of God. Satan was defeated, and knew that his kingdom was lost.
John was at a loss to know
what measures he should take in regard to the body of his beloved Master. He shuddered at
the thought of its being handled by rough and unfeeling soldiers, and placed in a
dishonored burial place. He knew he could obtain no favors from the Jewish authorities,
and he could hope little from Pilate. But Joseph and Nicodemus came to the front in this
emergency. Both of these men were members of the Sanhedrin, and acquainted with Pilate.
Both were men of wealth and influence. They were determined that the body of Jesus should
have an honorable burial.
Joseph went boldly to Pilate,
and begged from him the body of Jesus for burial. Pilate then gave an official order that
the body of Jesus should be given to Joseph. While the disciple John was anxious and
troubled about the sacred remains of his beloved Master, Joseph of Arimathea returned with
the commission from the governor; and Nicodemus, anticipating the result of Joseph's
interview with Pilate, came with a costly mixture of myrrh and aloes of about one hundred
pounds' weight. The most honored in all Jerusalem could not have been shown more respect
Gently and reverently they
removed with their
own hands the body of Jesus from the instrument of torture, their
sympathetic tears falling fast as they looked upon His bruised and lacerated form, which
they carefully bathed and cleansed from the stain of blood. Joseph owned a new tomb, hewn
from stone, which he was reserving for himself; it was near Calvary, and he now prepared
this sepulcher for Jesus. The body, together with the spices brought by Nicodemus, was
carefully wrapped in a linen sheet, and the three disciples bore their precious burden to
the new sepulcher, wherein man had never before lain. There they straightened those
mangled limbs, and folded the bruised hands upon the pulseless breast. The Galilean women
drew near, to see that all had been done that could be done for the lifeless form of their
beloved Teacher. Then they saw the heavy stone rolled against the entrance of the
sepulcher, and the Son of God was left at rest. The women were last at the cross, and last
at the tomb of Christ.
Although the Jewish rulers
had carried out their fiendish purpose in putting to death the Son of God, their
apprehensions were not quieted, nor was their jealousy of Christ dead. Mingled with the
joy of gratified revenge, there was an ever-present fear that His dead body, lying in
Joseph's tomb, would come forth to life. Therefore "the chief priests and Pharisees
came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was
yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be
made sure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night, and steal Him away, and
say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the
first." Matt. 27:63, 64. Pilate was as unwilling as were the Jews that Jesus should
rise with power to punish the guilt of those who had destroyed
Him, and he placed a band
of Roman soldiers at the command of the priests. Said he, "Ye have a watch: go your
way, make it as sure as ye can. So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the
stone, and setting a watch." Matt. 27: 65, 66.
The Jews realized the
advantage of having such a guard about the tomb of Jesus. They placed a seal upon the
stone that closed the sepulcher, that it might not be disturbed without the fact being
known, and took every precaution against the disciples' practicing any deception in regard
to the body of Jesus. But all their plans and precautions only served to make the triumph
of the resurrection more complete and to more fully establish its truth.
Copyright © 1974
The Ellen G. White Estate, Inc.
All Rights Reserved