The Law of
Abolished by Christ
1. HOW did Christ's death on the cross affect the whole sacrificial
"After threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off. . . . And He
shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of
the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease." Dan.
2. What did Christ nail to His cross?
"Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against
us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to His
cross." Col. 2:14.
3. What did He thus abolish?
"Having abolished in His flesh the enmity, even the law
contained in ordinances; for to make in Himself of twain one new man, so
making peace; and that He might reconcile both unto God in one body by
the cross, having slain the enmity thereby." Eph. 2:15,16.
4. To what did the ordinances pertain that were thus abolished?
"Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink,
or in respect of
an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: which are a
shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ." Col. 2:16,17.
5. From what statement do we learn that these ordinances related to the
"For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very
image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered
year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect." Heb. 10:1.
6. What occurred at the time of the crucifixion
which indicated that
the typical system had been taken away by Christ?
"And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to
the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent." Matt. 27:51.
7. In what language is this clearly stated?
"Then said He, Lo, I come to do Thy will, O God, He taketh away the
first, that He may establish the second." Heb. 10:9.
8. What is the first which He took away?
"Above when He said, Sacrifice and offering and
burnt offerings and
offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein;
which are offered by the law," Verse 8.
NOTES.-"He taketh away the first." The connection plainly indicates that what Christ took away was ceremonialism as expressed in the
typical service of sacrifices and offerings, and that what He
established, by giving Himself to do the will of God, was the
experience of doing the will of God on the part of the believer. Thus He
made possible the answer to the petition which He taught His disciples,
"Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven." Instead of abolishing
the moral law, Christ made such provision that every believer in Him
may become a doer of that law.
"The word first here refers to sacrifices and offerings, He takes
away; that is, He shows that they are of no value in removing sin. He
states their inefficacy, and declares His purpose to abolish them. 'That He may establish the second'-
to wit, the doing of the will of God. . .
If they had been efficacious, there would have been no need of His coming
to make an atonement."-Dr. Albert Barnes, on Heb, 10:9.
9. In what statement to the woman at Jacob's well did Jesus intimate
that the ceremonial system of worship would be abolished?
"Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe Me, the hour cometh,
when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship
the Father." John 4:21.
NOTE.-The worship of the Jews centered in the typical system, or
ritual service, of the temple, "at Jerusalem," while the Samaritans
had instituted a rival service "in this mountain," Mt. Gerizim. In His
statement to the woman of Samaria, Jesus therefore indicated that the time
was at hand when the whole typical system would be done away.
10. What test cast arose in the time of the apostles over this question?
"And certain men which came down from Judea taught the brethren, and
said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be
saved." Acts 15:1.
11. What requirement was made by these teachers from Judea concerning
the ceremonial law?
"Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have
troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Ye must be
circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment."
12. After conferring over this matter, what decision was reached by the
"For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no
greater burden than these necessary things; that ye abstain from meats
offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from
fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare
ye well." Verses 28,29.
13. What charge was made against Stephen concerning his attitude toward
the ceremonial law?
"And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth
not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law: for
we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this
place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us." Acts 6:13,14.
14. What similar charge was brought against the apostle Paul?
"This fellow persuadeth men to worship God contrary to the law." Acts
15. What statement did Paul make concerning his faith and manner of
"But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call
heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which
are written in the law and in the prophets." Acts 24:14.
NOTE.-The charge against Stephen and Paul was not based upon any
violation of the moral law, but upon their teaching concerning the
ceremonial law; and Paul's admission that he was guilty of what they
called heresy meant simply that he differed from them as to the
obligation to observe any longer the precepts of the law which was
imposed upon them "until the time of reformation." The simple fact that
such charges were preferred against these able exponents and teachers of
the gospel shows that in their view the ceremonial law had been
abolished by the death of Christ, and that like the giving of the moral
law at Sinai it was designed to lead men to Christ.
16. What is one of the offices of the moral law?
"Wherefore the law was
our schoolmaster to bring us unto
Christ, that we might be justified by faith." Gal. 3:24.
17. How is this same teaching expressed in another place?
"For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that
believeth." Rom. 10:4.
NOTE.-Murdock's translation of the Syriac New Testament renders
this passage: "For Messiah is the aim of the law, for righteousness,
unto everyone that believeth in Him."
18. In what statement is there a similar use of the word end?
"Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your
souls." 1 Peter 1:9. See also 1 Tim. 1:5; James 5:11.
the ceremonial law there was "a shadow of good things
to come," a type of the mediatorial work of Christ, our great High
Priest. The moral law makes known sin, places the sinner under
condemnation, and forces him to Christ for pardon and cleansing. The ceremonial law was abolished by the work of
Christ, but the moral law was established by both His life and death.
19. What testimony did Christ bear concerning His relation to the law
and the prophets?
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the
prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil." Matt. 5:17.
NOTE.-"Christ kept the law. If He had ever broken it, He would
have had to die for Himself; but because He was a Lamb without spot or
blemish, His atoning death is efficacious for you and me. He had no sin
of His own to atone for, and so God accepted His sacrifice. Christ is
the end of the law for righteousness to everyone that believeth. We are
righteous in God's sight because the righteousness of God which is by
faith in Jesus Christ is unto all and upon all them that believe."-
"Weighed and Wanting," by D. L. Moody, pages 123,124. See also notes
Chapters 82., 83. and 86. of this book.
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