1. HOW is the bondage of Israel in Egypt described?
"And the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage,
cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage." Ex. 2:23. Compare with James 5:1-4.
2. Who heard their groaning?
"God heard their groaning, and God
remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob."
3. What did God say to Moses?
"Now therefore, behold, the cry of the
children of Israel is come unto Me: and I have also seen the oppression
wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will
send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people the children of Israel out of Egypt." Ex. 3:9,10.
4. In giving
Israel His law, how did God describe Himself?
"I am the Lord thy God,
which have brought thee out of
the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage." Ex. 20:2.
5. What provision did God make against slavery
and oppression in
"And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman,
be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year
thou shalt let him go free from thee. And when thou sendest him out
free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: thou shalt furnish
him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy
wine-press: of that wherewith the Lord thy God hath blessed thee thou
shalt give unto him. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman
in the land of Egypt, and the Lord thy God redeemed thee: therefore I
command thee this thing today." Deut. 15:12-15. "Thou shalt neither
vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of
Egypt." Ex. 22:21. See 2 Cor. 1:3,4.
6. What was one reason assigned why Israel should keep the Sabbath?
"And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that
the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a
stretched-out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the
Sabbath day." Deut. 5:15.
suggest the idea that in their servitude and oppression in Egypt they had had difficulty regarding the observance of
the Sabbath, which is a fact. From the accusation brought against Moses
and Aaron by Pharaoh, as recorded in Ex. 5:5,- "Ye make them rest
[Heb., Shabbath] from their burdens,"- it is plain that the
Sabbath had been denied them, that they had been required to work on the
Sabbath, and that Moses and Aaron were teaching them to keep it. Where
individual rights and religious liberty are recognized, Sabbath observance
is neither denied nor required by civil law.
7. What proclamation was to be made throughout the land of Israel every
"And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout
all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee
unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye
shall return every man unto his family." Lev. 25:10.
8. Because Israel failed to do this, became oppressive, and disregarded
and misused the Sabbath, what did God do?
"Therefore thus saith the Lord; Ye have not harkened unto Me, in
proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his
neighbor: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the Lord, to the
sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be
removed into all the kingdoms of the earth." Jer. 34:17. See also Jer.
17:24-27; 2 Chron. 36:19-21.
9. What fault did God find with the way in which Israel came to
celebrate her fasts and seasons of worship?
"Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and
all your labors. Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and
with the fist of wickedness." Isa. 58:3,4.
10. What does God set forth as the acceptable fast to Him?
"Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of
wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free,
and that ye break every yoke? Is it not to deal thy bread to the
hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house?
when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not
thyself from thine own flesh?" Verses 6, 7.
NOTE.-All this shows that God loves liberty, and hates bondage
11. What was Christ's mission to this world?
"The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He hath anointed
Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent Me to heal the
broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering
of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised." Luke 4:18.
NOTE.-The Gospels show that a large part of Christ's time even on the
Sabbath was devoted to relieving the oppressed and distressed.
12. In what condition are those who commit sin?
sin is the servant of sin." John
13. Why was Christ's name to be called Jesus?
"And thou shalt call His name Jesus: for He shall save His people from
their sins." Matt. 1:21.
14. What lies at the root of all sin?
"When lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin." James 1:15. " I had
not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet." Rom. 7:7.
NOTE.-Lust, covetousness, and unlawful desire are only different
names for selfishness. Selfishness lies at the root of all sin; and
selfishness is simply the love of self to the disregard of the equal
rights of others.
15. By what scripture is the equality of rights clearly shown?
shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." Lev. 19:18.
16. What rule of conduct has Christ laid down in harmony
with this command?
"Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them."
NOTE.-Selfishness, then, must be uprooted from men's hearts before they
will recognize the equal rights of their fellow men.
17. Who alone can cleanse men's hearts from selfishness?
"Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other
name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." Acts
4:12. See also 1 John 1:9.
18. Who alone, then, can give men real freedom?
"If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be
19. What was Christ's attitude toward unbelievers?
"If any man hear My words, and believe not, I judge him
not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world." John
20. What spirit did Christ say should control His disciples?
called them to Him, and saith unto them, Ye
know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise
lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.
But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you,
shall be your minister: and whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall
be servant of all. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered
unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many." Mark 10:42-45.
21. What is present where the Spirit of the Lord is?
"Now the Lord is
that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty." 2 Cor. 3:17.
22. What kind of worship only is acceptable to God?
"But the hour
cometh, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in
spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship Him. God is
a Spirit: and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in
truth." John 4:23,24.
FREEDOM and reason make brave men;
Take these away, what are they then?-
Mere groveling brutes, and just as well
The beasts may think of heaven
Know, then, that every soul is free
To choose his life, and what he'll be;
For this eternal truth is given:
That God will force no man to heaven.
He'll call, persuade direct him right,
Bless him with wisdom, love, and light,
In nameless ways be good and
But never force the human mind.
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