1. WHEN and by what acts was the Sabbath made?
"And on the seventh day
God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day
from all His work which He had made. And God blessed the seventh day,
and sanctified it: because that in it He had rested from all His work
which God created and made." Gen. 2:2,3.
2. What division of time is marked off by the Sabbath?
NOTES.-"One of the most striking collateral confirmations of the
Mosaic history of the creation is the general adoption of the division
of time into weeks, which extends from the Christian states of Europe to
the remote shores of Hindustan, and has equally prevailed among the
Hebrews. the Egyptians, Chinese, Greeks, Romans, and northern
barbarians,- nations some of whom had little or no intercourse with
others, and were not even known by name to the Hebrews."- Home's "Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy
Scriptures," Vol. I, page 69, edition 1841.
"Seven has been the ancient and honored number among the nations of
the earth. They have measured their time by weeks from the beginning. The
original of this was the Sabbath of God, as Moses has given the reasons
for it in his writings."- "Brief Dissertation on the First
Three Chapters of Genesis," by Dr. Lyman Coleman, page 26.
Gen. 7:4,10; 8:10,12, show that the week was known at the time of
3. How widely recognized is the seventh-day Sabbath
in the different languages of the world today?
It is very generally so recognized.
NOTE.-Some years ago the late Dr. William Mead Jones, of London,
published a "Chart of the Week," showing the style of the weekly cycle
and the designations of the different days of the week in one hundred
and sixty different languages. This chart shows very vividly that the
seven-day period, or week, was known from the most ancient times, and
that in no fewer than one hundred and eight of these languages the
seventh day is designated as the Sabbath, or holy day. The following is
from this chart:-
||The seventh day
||Day the Sabbath
4. What reason did God assign at Sinai for having blessed and set apart
the seventh day as a day of holy rest?
"For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that
in them is, and rested the seventh day." Ex. 20:11.
5. What promise did God make to Israel, through Jeremiah, if they would
keep the Sabbath?
"And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently harken unto Me, saith the
Lord, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the
Sabbath day, but hallow the Sabbath day, to do no work therein; then
shall there enter into the gates of this city kings and princes sitting
upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and
their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and
this city shall remain forever." Jer. 17:24,25.
6. What did He say would happen if they did not hallow the, Sabbath
"But if ye will not harken unto Me to hallow the Sabbath day, and not
to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day;
then will I kindle a fire in the gates
thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not
be quenched." Verse 27.
7. What befell the city of Jerusalem when it was captured by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, in 588 B.C.?
"And all the vessels of the house of God. . . he brought to Babylon. And
they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and
burnt all the palaces thereof with fire." 2 Chron. 36:18,19.
8. Why was this done?
"To fulfil the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land
had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept
sabbath." Verse 21.
NOTE.-Sabbath Israel's Babylonish captivity, under Nebuchadnezzar and his
sons, was seventy years long because that for 420 years, or for six
times seventy years,- from the days of Solomon to Nebuchadnezzar's
time,- they had largely neglected to keep the Sabbath. See Eze. 22:8,26; Jer. 25:8-11; 17:24, 27; 2 Chron. 36:15-21. The seventy years'
desolation made up for the 420 years of Sabbath desecration. So during
the millennium, or the one thousand years after Christ's second
advent, the whole earth will lie desolate, or keep sabbath, for one
thousand years, because that for six thousand years the world's
inhabitants have disregarded the Sabbath. See this period and condition
pointed out in Rev. 20:1-4; Isa. 24:1-6; Jer. 4:23-27. The periods of
rest and desolation of the land are divinely appointed sabbatical
compensations for man's irreligion, as manifested in Sabbath
desecration. They are impressive lessons on the importance of keeping
the seventh-day Sabbath, and the results of breaking and disregarding
9. After Israel's restoration from the Babylonian captivity, what did
Nehemiah say was the reason for their punishment?
"Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What
evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath day? Did not
your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and
upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the
Sabbath." Neh. 13:17,18.
10. How does he speak of God's giving the Sabbath to Israel?
"Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from
heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes
and commandments: and madest known unto them Thy holy Sabbath." Neh. 9:13,14.
NOTE.-Let it be noted that this text does not say that God
Sabbath then, but simply that He made it known to Israel then. They had
largely forgotten it while in Egypt. See readings in Chapters 92. and
93. of this book.
11. How did Christ, while on earth, regard the Sabbath?
"And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up: and,
custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up
for to read." Luke 4:16.
12. By what did Christ recognize the Sabbath law?
"And He said unto them, . . . It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath
days." Matt. 12:11,12.
NOTES.-William Prynne says: "It
is certain that Christ Himself, His apostles, and the primitive
Christians for some good space of time, did constantly observe the seventh-day Sabbath."-
"Dissertation on the
Lord's Day Sabbath," page 33.
Morer, a learned clergyman of the Church of England, says: "The primitive
Christians had a great veneration for the Sabbath, and spent the day in
devotion and sermons. And it is not to be doubted that they derived this
practice from the apostles themselves, as appears by several scriptures
to that purpose."- Morer's "Dialogues on the Lord's Day," page 189.
The historian Neander says: "Opposition to Judaism introduced the
particular festival of Sunday very early, indeed, into the place of
the Sabbath. . . . The festival of Sunday, like all other festivals, was
always only a human ordinance, and it was far from the intentions of the
apostles to establish a divine command in this respect,- far from them,
and from the early apostolic church, to transfer the laws of the Sabbath
to Sunday. Perhaps at the end of the second century a false application
of this kind had begun to take place; for men appear by that time to
have considered laboring on Sunday as a sin."- Neander's "Church History," Rose's translation, page 186.
Dr. Lyman Abbott says: "The current notion that Christ and His apostles
authoritatively substituted the first day of the week for the seventh,
is absolutely without. any authority in the New Testament."- Christian
Union, June 26,1890.
Archdeacon Farrar says: "The Christian church made no formal, but a
gradual and almost unconscious transference of the one day to the
other."- "The Voice From Sinai," page 167.
13. What was the first effort of the Roman Church in behalf of the
recognition of Sunday?
In 196 A. D., Victor, bishop of Rome, attempted to impose on all the
churches the Roman custom of having the Passover, or Easter, as it is
commonly called, celebrated every year on Sunday. See Bower's "History
of the Popes," Vol. I, pages 18,19.
NOTE.-This, Dr. Bower, in his "History of the Popes," Vol. I, page
18, styles "the first essay of papal usurpation."
14. What was one of the principal reasons for
convoking the Council of Nice?
"The question relating to the observance of Easter,
agitated in the time of Anicetus and Polycarp, and afterward in that of
Victor, was still undecided. It was one of the principal reasons for
convoking the Council of Nice, being the most important subject to be
considered after the Arian controversy."-
Boyle's "Historical View
of the Council of Nice," page 23, edition 1836.
15. How was the matter finally decided?
"Easter day was fixed on the Sunday immediately following the full moon
which was nearest after the vernal equinox."-
Id., page 24.
16. In urging the observance of this decree on the churches, what reason
did Constantine assign for it?
"Let us have nothing in common with the most hostile rabble of the
Id., page 52.
17. What had Constantine already done, in 321 A.D., to help forward
Sunday to a place of prominence?
He issued an edict requiring "the judges and town people, and the
occupation of all trades" to rest on "the venerable day of the sun." See
Encyclopedia Britannica, article "Sunday;" and this work, page 443.
18. Who did Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea, and
one of Constantine's
most ardent supporters, say had transferred the obligations of the
Sabbath to Sunday?
"All things whatsoever that it was duty to do on the Sabbath,
WE have transferred to the Lord's day."- Eusebius's "Commentary on the
Psalms," quoted in Cox's "Sabbath Literature," Vol. I, page 361.
19. What did Sylvester, bishop of Rome, 314 A.D. to 337 A.D., do for
the Sunday institution by his "apostolic authority"?
He officially changed the title of the first day, calling it the LORD's
DAY. See "Historia Ecclesiastica," by M. Ludovicum Lucium, cent. 4,
cap. 10, pages 739,740, edition Basilea, 1624.
20. What did the Council of Laodicea decree in 364 A.D.?
Canon 29. "Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday
[Sabbath], but shall work on that day; but the Lord's day they shall
"A History of the Councils of the Church," Charles
Joseph Hefele, Vol. II, page 316.
21. How late did Christians keep the Sabbath?
"Down even to the fifth century, the observance of the Jewish Sabbath
was continued in the Christian church."-
Lyman Coleman's "Ancient
Christianity Exemplified," chap. 26, sec. 2.
22. How generally does the historian Socrates, who wrote about
the middle of the fifth century, say the Sabbath was observed by the
Christian churches of his time?
"Although almost all
churches throughout the world celebrate the sacred mysteries on the
Sabbath of every week, yet the Christians of Alexandria and at Rome, on
account of some ancient tradition, refuse to do this."-
Socrates's "Ecclesiastical History," book 5, chap. 22.
23. What day was observed in the dark ages by some of the Waldenses?
"They kept the Sabbath day, observed the ordinance of baptism
according to the primitive church, instructed their children in the
articles of the Christian faith and the commandments of God."-
Jones's "Church History," Vol. II, chap. 5, sec.4.
24. Who among the early Reformers raised this question of Sabbath
"Carlstadt held to the divine authority of the Sabbath from the Old
"Life of Luther," by Dr. Barnes Sears, page 402.
25. What did Luther say of Carlstadt's Sabbath views?
Carlstadt were to write further about the Sabbath, Sunday would have to give way, and the Sabbath-
that is to say,
Saturday- must be kept holy."- Luther, Against the Celestial Prophets,
quoted in "Life of Martin Luther in Pictures," page 147.
26. What claim is now made by the Roman Church
concerning the change
of the Sabbath to Sunday?
"Question.- Have you any other way of proving that the church has
power to institute festivals of precept?
Had she not such power, she could not have done that in
which all modem religionists agree with her,-
she could i not have
substituted the observance of Sunday, the first day of
the week, for the observance of Saturday, the seventh day, a change for
which there is no Scriptural authority."-
"Doctrinal Catechism," by
Rev. Stephen Keenan, page 174.
NOTE.-Through want of sufficient light and investigation, and because
of the efforts of some who opposed the Sabbath during the Reformation,
Sunday was brought from Catholicism into the Protestant church, and is
now cherished as an institution of the Lord. It is clear, however, that
it is none of His planting, but rather the work and result of apostasy.
But a message is now going forth to revive the truth on this point, and
calling for a genuine reformation upon it. See reading in Chapters 56.
thru 58. in this book and the next
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